tv BBC World News America PBS January 18, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." katty: this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. barack obama colts the last press conference of his presidency, defending his decision and looking forward to peace and quiet. returning to east aleppo, it is in ruins. what comes next. hasoreign intervention transformed this war. the way it is looking right now, foreigners, not syrians, will dictate how the war ends.
katty: we take you on a tour of washington sites which will play a big part in the inauguration. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. after eight years, president obama held his final press conference. the questions were as wide-ranging as the issues that crossed his desk in 2 terms. from the middle east to commuting chelsea manning's sentence, he covered it all in his no drama style. reporter: one last time barack obama took to the white house reefing room to joust with the press. amid reports his successor wants to limit access and accuses journalists of being liars, the president spoke of the
importance of a strong and free media. president obama: you are supposed to be skeptics. you are supposed to ask tough questions. you are not supposed to be complementary. you're supposed to cast a critical eye on folks that hold enormous power. reporter: this picture was released of donald trump repairing his an all. president obama was asked what advice he would give to his successor. pres. obama: this is a job of such magnitude that you cannot do it by yourself. you are enormously reliant on a team. the most useful advice, the most constructive advice, i have been able to give him. question,the final are you as sanguine as you are saying publicly about donald trump taking over? only noama: this is not
drama obama, this is what i am saying. it is true behind doors i cuss ate and get frustrated, but my core i think we will be ok. thank you, press corps. good luck. president obama will spend the next year's being around more, and he will not be a backseat driver. he said if he see's things he will speak out. it seems like friday will not be the last we see of barack obama. there is a new home. moving house is said to be one of life's most stressful experiences. when you have been making life to death decisions, where hang your favorite picture is unlikely to keep you awake at night. not too shabby.
i spoke with the national correspondent for the hill. during the press conference, president obama said it is not the end of the world until it is the end of the world. is he that sanguine? >> i think so. he has prided himself on being no drama obama. he has hinted strongly he will not follow the precedent set by who almostcessors entirely left the stage. president obama suggested he will stay involved, pursuing the avenues he think he can make a difference on. in the larger sense that means continuing the fight at a time when the democratic party doesn't really have a leader. katty: how much of a fact that set oftrump won an hillary clinton, did it change his own future?
>> considering some of the things the interior department has done, creating national parks or rules on mining, drilling, things like that, the bottom line is they planned for hillary clinton to be president and extend the legacy president obama would leave. when that was not the case, they had to finish a lot. katty: looking back that donald trump was elected to replace barack obama, will that change how historians view barack obama and his time in office? >> any time the white house switches hands, it reflects on the president before. clinton when bill replaced george h.w. bush primarily because we had an outsider beating an incumbent. here we have an outsider defeating an insider that would have been a third continuation. one party has held the white house for three consecutive
terms only once. this would have been a validation of obama's legacy. the american people did not give it to him. katty: how much have they been talking? what is the relationship going to be like? few times,e spoken a like when donald trump has criticized the ability of the transition. president obama called to touch base. this will be one of the more fascinating relationships in the years going forward. he will only be a couple of miles down the street, and they have such different worldviews. president obama says they get along. i'm not sure i believe that, but it is a relationship they will be talking through, because this incoming president has no experience in government. katty: and they belong to a very
small club. as washington gears up for the inauguration, there was news former president george h.w. bush was moved to an intensive care unit in houston. he is suffering from pneumonia. he is said to be in stable condition. his wife was admitted to the same hospital after experiencing fatigue and coughing herself. 40,000 people have returned to their homes in eastern aleppo, the city devastated from years of civil war. the bustling center was divided with regime in the west and rebels in the east. in a few months they were able to take control after cutting supply lines. jeremy bowen sent us this special report. the calm after the storm. the final battle swept through
like a man-made, the neville. all sides were prepared to destroy aleppo -- like a man-made malevolent tornado. all sides were prepared to destroy aleppo to possess it. is the key to northern syria. across the country, rebels are still fighting and are on the defensive. [explosions] the battle for aleppo lasted for four years. more than 200,000 civilians were trapped in the heat of the fight. on civilians by any side in the war are crimes if it can be proved they were deliver it. -- were deliberate.
his leg in eastern aleppo three months ago. at a clinic run by the international committee of the red cross he is being measured for a prosthesis. rehabilitation is painful. when you cannot walk, supporting a family is even harder. it will take years and billions to rebuild. and muchside of aleppo of the old city is in ruins. with a photo of his clothing allah stood in front of where it used to be. damageen this much elsewhere in syria, but never in such an area. he is the first to return to his neighborhood. "if only they would take away the rubble, all of the neighbors says.come back" he
this corpse was lying on the road one month after the battle. more are certain to be buried in collapsed buildings. abu mohammed showed where a mortar fragment hit him. it took out my spleen, kidney, and intestines. i have had many operations. in every queue for emergency aid there are tragedies. he is 12 and has seen more than anyone should in a lifetime. her grandmother is using all of the strength she has left to care for surviving grandchildren. >> my daughter's 15-year-old girl and son who was seven was killed. my daughter's 3-year-old lost a
leg. my other grandson who was seven lost a hand. all their houses were destroyed. >> we don't know what is hidden in our future. the war has damaged all of us. .y cousin lost a leg i sat with my own eyes, my other cousin, his intestines were out of his body. president assad is the strongest he has been since the war started. empty, ruined, silent streets of the former frontlines feel oppressive. no one has tried to move back here. it is haunted by violence and death. that is a homemade mortar,
designed and built by the rebels. in itself it is a fearsome weapon, but nothing compared to the power of the russian air force and military know-how of the iranians and their lebanese allies. foreign intervention has transformed this war. the way it is looking right now, foreigners, not syrians, will dictate how the war ends. sun sets in aleppo on a dark, cold, broken place. it feels like a postwar city, but this is not a postwar country. syria has a fragile, partial truce. for the first time the president and his allies smell victory, but they are not there yet. jeremy bowen, bbc news, aleppo.
katty: people are returning to their homes in east aleppo, but it is hard to believe they will be able to get over with a have seen or lost soon. let's go to gambia where a state of emergency has been declared. president yahya jammeh is refusing to accept the results of an election where he was defeated. , issuccessor, adama barrow set to be inaugurated tomorrow. our correspondent reports from the gambian capital. >> is not good news. we are evacuating everyone back home. reporter: leading intro's, not as they anticipated, thousands of european tourists are being flown back home on special flights. some have been here for only a couple of days, which explains their reaction. moment it is the
unnecessary, but i understand. >> to me it is stupid. this will be over in 24 to 48 hours. reporter: they're not the only ones leaving. thousands of gambians are streaming out. likeyear it looks intervention is imminent. troops are massing on the border , a nigerian air force is on the worship isnigerian on the way, the air force is on standby. ahead of anticipated military action at the inauguration of adama barrow, president yahya jammeh declared it an emergency. behind me is the planned venue for the inauguration on thursday of adama barrow as the next president.
he has said he will be here tomorrow for his inauguration. withdrew in 2013. he has ruled this country for 22 years and has won 4 elections. it took seven political parties led by adama barrow to defeat him in december, but he insists the elections were flawed. >> i am the president-elect. if he doesn't cooperate? nationr: this african has a path ahead. many people have disappeared in the past two decades. their families are calling for justice. responding to such demands could determine how this current crises is brought to an end. bbc news, gambia. katty: you are watching bbc
"world news america." come, donald trump's immigration policies has sparked debate. we will hear from those whose future will be decided by the answer of what he will do in office. say 2016 was the hottest year since records began a century ago. the average global temperatures were ahead of 2015 and 1.1 levels higher than preindustrial levels. reporter: our planet is warming fast. the latest data suggests 2016 was record-breaking. the arctic, parts of have had a huge wave with temperatures above freezing when .hey should have been far below while australia's great barrier reef was transformed to this. swaths ofs -- vast
coral were killed off as the water warmed. scientists say greenhouse gases was the main driver. this shows how global temperatures have increased since the industrial revolution. the bigger the circle the hotter the year. collected byta nasa and meteorological agencies suggests 2016ld is the third year in a row to break records. to tackle global warming, the world is being urged to move away from fossil fuels. in the u.s., donald trump said he wants to revive the industry and has threatened to pull america out of the paris agreement. the woman who brokered the deal is concerned. >> if the u.s. accents the path being pursued by every other country in the world, it will only damage itself. it will be less competitive.
we are moving toward a de- carbonized society. forecast scientists 2017 will not be as warm, the el niño event is over. they say unless action is taken, the world will continue to heat up. this friday, when donald trump is sworn in as the 45th president of the united states, he will do so in front of hundreds of thousands of people who will come to washington to celebrate. just as many americans are not happy with the new president. opposition is particularly strong in california where his plans to deport immigrants and build a wall across the mexican border has met to kerley fierce criticism. -- particularly fierce criticism.
>> welcome to the beautiful sunshine rally. reporter: resistance is heating up. fear among the 10 million immigrants is turning to defiance. from the streets to the governor, there is fighting talk. medina has lived in the u.s. for 20 years. for her and millions like her, 's election could mean deportation to mexico. >> it was shocking, and in that moment, scary. people were thinking, what is going to happen to my family? i will tell mr. president-elect donald trump and the people that voted for him they are undocumented people are the backbone of the economy of this great nation. does mr. trump
secretly agree? as the campaign war on the tone shifted from mass deportations to removing criminal aliens. >> my son was murdered in 2002 by an illegal alien. >> my husband was shot by an illegal alien. on january 1,d 1989 -- >> murdered by an illegal in 2010. reporter: prioritize and the deportation of criminals was barack obama's policy. on the border there could eat a change, and -- there could be a big change, and an even bigger wall paid for, controversially says mr. trump, by mexico. mr. trump's election has thrown up a question, what does it mean to be an american? for many the answer is rooted in history and white, english-speaking, european identity.
in los angeles, it is a different story. >> how do we translate that to english? deported. what does that mean? reporter: they're learning about the founding of america by spaniards, africans, and explains why they reject mr. trump so strongly. be very contentious. it is almost a situation back to the 1860's with the southern states versus the northern states over slavery. that point yet, but california it looks like will be leading the charge against whatever actions the trump administration may take. reporter: any state agencies refuse to help with federal deportations, a sour relationship may collapse completely as both sides prepare
for a battle of the border. james cook, bbc news, los angeles. katty: that battle, and many others, await president-elect trump. first, the inauguration. washington is full of feeling stands and their caves givin nds andewing sta barriers. reporter: how does it work on inauguration day? donald trump will wake up on , it doesn't morning look like much. it has been named the most exclusive hotel in the world because it plays host to distinguished guests. that is st. john's episcopal church where mr. trump will head
for a church or service. barack obama came for a service here on the morning of his inauguration. wow. it is beautiful. here i am in the president's pew. i am sitting where presidents in history have sat when they have been to service here. donald trump will take the short journey to the white house. i do not think they will let us in. they will go to the white house to meet president obama and have morning coffee. another tradition is the outgoing president invites the incoming president a note, a word of advice. the u.s. capitol is where donald trump will officially become sworn in.when he is
politicians, dignitaries, they will watch of close. the rest of us will have to watch from the mall. now, heading to the cheap seats. this is the national mall, just a lot of grass. if you don't have a ticket to the inauguration, this is where you will come to watch. ♪ reporter: next, the parade towards the white house led by the president and first lady. donaldade goes past trump's new hotel, the trump international. who would have thought in planning this hotel, donald trump would be moving into the white house just down the street? katty: a guide to washington. everywhere.rricades you cannot move. we will bring you all of the
coverage of the inauguration of the 45th president as he takes the oath of office. from all of us here, thank you for watching. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> justice has been served, and a message has still been sent. >> woodruff: in his final news conference, president obama addresses the controversial decision to release chelsea manning, and his role in a new era of politics. then, the senate takes on a whirlwind of confirmation hearings, grilling the president-elect's picks for the next cabinet. and, building a greener form of energy. how progress on "fusion" nuclear technology could be the future of our power. >> our great, great, great grandkids are going to live in a world powered by fusion almost exclusively. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.