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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 16, 2017 5:28pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. donald trump's latest foreign policy positions are are ruffling feathers in europe. what has he been saying? that theedia reporting main suspect in the istanbul attack has been caught. and putting his presidency in perspective when it comes to race. barack obama's legacy largely depends on who you ask.
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viewers onome to our public television in america and also around the globe. at the end of this week the united states will have a new president, but already donald trump is casting a long shadow across the atlantic. in his latest series of interviews and tweets, the incoming american leader has criticized germany's head of state, threatened that country's automakers, and questioned the relevance of nato itself. one german official says that last one has caused worry across the military alliance. james robbins has more. james: they rehearsed the inauguration in washington with a stand-in for president trump. but no one knows quite what to expect on friday's ceremony, still less what will happen in the first 100 days. the president-elect continues to amaze, now accusing germany's chancellor merkel, more than 11 with veryffice,
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catastrophic mistake, the open-doors approach to migrants. president-elect trump: i think it was a big mistake for germany. james: germany's chancellor did not return fire except to argue that refugees cannot be sacrificed in the fight against terrorism. chancellor merkel: i would separate us from the task of helping refugees. the majority of refugees have left syria because of pressure by assad. trump ond here is president putin. "we can make good deals with russia." one good deal would be on the nuclear arsenal, but what cost? some fear easing sanctions on russia. this echoes the famous reykjavik encounter between reagan and gorbachev 30 years ago. the summit may have failed but it did open the way for the eventual arms reduction. u.s.he man tipped as
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ambassador to the eu says history can be repeated. >> i think there will be a summit in reykjavík even, which is quite interesting, not unlike the summit between reagan and gorbachev decades ago, where people were equally pessimistic and yet what resulted? frankly, the end of the cold war. we need an end to this cold war. james: but nato remains worried. donald trump is calling the western military alliance obsolete. what does that mean for america's new deployment of heavy armor to poland? could it be reversed? french president hollande expressed his frustration. nde: europe will always be ready to pursue thessalonica cooperation but it phone --etermined by
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it's own rallies. james: those staging the inauguration may be engaged in reversals, but were leaders are concerned about the real president trump, how he will translate baffling words into action. james robbins, bbc news. laura: china has also reacted strongly to mr. trump latest pronouncements. wouldmedia says china take off the gloves if mr. trump continued to provoke beijing over taiwan. he broke with decades of precedent by taking a telephone call from the taiwanese president, a move that angered beijing, which regards taiwan as part of china. our correspondent john sudworth reports. john: not everyone in china is taking donald trump too seriously. his inauguration this week comes just ahead of the chinese new year of the rooster. this factory is making, well,
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giant trump look-alike chicken balloons. "the orders are flowing in, we can barely cope," the boss tells me. but increasingly, mr. trump is becoming a target of anger. rather than a figure of fun. mockups of taiwanese ships provide shooting practice at this chinese military museum. just across the taiwan strait. while u.s. presidents have long avoided challenging beijing's claim to sovereignty, the so-called one-china policy, mr. trump says he might. "china's military, especially our navy, is growing stronger. we don't fear u.s. provocation," this man tells me. "we want peace, but if they cross our red line, we have to
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take measures," this woman agrees. last week, in a move seen by as intended to make that point, china sent its aircraft carrier through the taiwan strait. and china's communist party-run newspapers have issued a stark warning, telling mr. trump that if he changes u.s. policy, beijing will have no choice but to take off the gloves, and that mercilessly combat those who advocate taiwan plus independence. these chinese workers make luxury marble products for the u.s. market. for them, the biggest fear is not rising military tension but a trade war. their american boss believes mr. trump's threatened tariffs will do nothing to change the basic market reality. >> hiring one worker in the
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states, that could hire five to six in china. moving our business into the o ours would hinge in tw margins which would reflect on consumer pricing. it would be difficult to run a business that way. john: the world is about to find out if one of the most complex bilateral relationships is to undergo a profound change. before the election, china could dismiss donald trump's rhetoric as the overinflated bluster of the campaign trail. not anymore. and china is making it increasingly clear that while it has a lot to lose, so, too, does america and the wider world. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. laura: for more on the international anxiety some of the president-elect's comments have caused, i spoke briefly with go with robin wright of the woodrow wilson center.
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donald trump is creating waves abroad with his comments on everything from china to nato but what is the overall effect of this uncertainty in diplomatic capitals? robin: particularly striking given that it comes a week after the confirmation hearings for the secretary of state, secretary of defense, and the head of the cia, and there is a sense after those hearings that you have people with experience, with a sense of realism about the challenges and the obstacles and the history of u.s. involvement. the president-elect's comments once again reflect the uncertainty that people have during the election campaign with these one-liners, these tweets, that were acerbic and bitter and often went against decades of u.s. foreign policy. laura: if we look at the fight against the islamic state, donald trump says he has a plan but doesn't want to reveal it
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yet. what are allies supposed to make of that? robin: there is uncertainty about what happens on january 21 in terms of the alliance. we have a 68-nation coalition that has been very effective in taking back half the territory of the islamic state. what role does the united states or trump administration assume for those allies? will they continue to bomb, play a role in training and advising the iraqi army? what role will they play? it is that cohesion, the alliances that the obama and bush administration had relied on so heavily, that no one knows what happens the next day. diplomacy, your are an experienced foreign reporter. you know that continuity is a big part of how countries relate to one another. how can they even write their cables? robin: well, that is what i hear from so many diplomats now,
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asking who are the interlocutors? what is policy likely to be? what do they expect from us? and the diplomats in washington have to keep cabling back, we don't know. laura: donald trump was elected to shake things up and he pointed out that the policies are not necessarily working well around the world. he singled out the middle east. is it possible that he could get some results where there has previously been deadlock? robin: every administration comes in and says they are going to shake things up. some of the questions are much more profound. when the president-elect talked about the european union and that brexit was a great idea, and others should leave or might the european union, suggested that was a good thing, when for 80 years since world war ii the unity of europe has been a fundamental goal of the united states to prevent wars between european powers, so there are a lot of digressions not just in terms of changing things up a little bit but challenging the basic assumptions, the outlines, the ground rules of u.s. foreign policy. laura: robin wright, thank you for joining us.
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robin: thank you. laura: now to turkey, where local media are reporting that police of caught the gun man who killed 39 people during a news attack at a nightclub in istanbul. islamic state group claimed responsibility for the massacre, citing turkey's operations in syria. a short time ago i spoke with mark lowen, who gave the latest. what we are hearing is that the gun man was caught along with his four-year-old son in an istanbul suburb after a massive police manhunt. remember, this is the man who is suspected of killing 39 people at the nightclub in istanbul on new year's eve. he entered the nightclub past 1:00 in the morning, opened fire, shot the police man, and got his way into the nightclub and opened fire, killing 39 people. most of them were arab tourists
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visiting istanbul. the rest of them were turks. it was an attack that was claimed by so-called islamic state. there was a huge manhunt he managed to escape the nightclub posing as an injured man. there was cctv footage that emerged shortly afterwards, but there were some reports that he could have left turkey. it appears tonight that the man suspected of carrying out this massacre in istanbul on new year's eve has been caught and is being transferred. laura: mark, the fact that the suspect has apparently been caught in istanbul after this intensive manhunt, what kind of questions do you think that will raise? mark: well, there have already been huge questions about how he managed to escape that night, but of course it was mayhem at the nightclub, and what would have been a far bigger embarrassment is if he managed to actually leave turkey.
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there were some reports on social media shortly after the massacre that he could have escaped back into syria or iraq, an area controlled by i.s. but that appears to be disproved. the fact that he has been caught in istanbul, i think authorities will clearly be hugely relieved that he has been. but it won't be a time for celebration, either, because this is the 28th major terror attack in turkey in the space of 18 months. and there needs to be clearly a much better intelligence operation to prevent these attacks from taking place. let alone the attacker being caught. clearly, there will be relief that he seems to have been apprehended tonight in istanbul. laura: in other news from around the world, police in the united states have arrested the wife of the gun man omar mateen who killed 49 people at a gay
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nightclub in orlando in june. they believe she may have been aware of her husband's plans. at least five people died when the gunman opened fire at a mexican resort. others were injured, most of them in a crash that followed the shooting. is unknown whether it is related to the drug violence that is played to the country in recent the country plagued in recent years. still to come, the gap between the rich and the rest is becoming wider. we go to davos where it is a hot topic. now to a case that might have baffled sherlock holmes himself -- who leaked a copy of the final episode of the bbc's "sherlock"? the fact that it was dubbed in russian may be a clue. police are investigating.
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reporter: the last episode of "sherlock," eagerly awaited by millions. on saturday it was leaked online, dubbed into russian. it was a spoiler. >> everything at this point had been planned with the intention of presenting the program from this very important finale, as a global event, a collective community of fans coming together and experiencing it for the first time. that has put a big spanner in the works for that. reporter: russian version was widely shared online. the mystery worthy of an old-fashioned sherlock holmes story -- who leaked it and why? episode was put online to damage the bbc because of the beeb's increasing radio broadcasts to russia. another theory, sickly summit he tried to make money on stolen property -- simply somebody
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trying to make money on stolen property. with russia it is hard to tell. today the mr. deepened with the russian state-owned television channel denying responsibility for the leak and claiming it was a victim of hacking. in a statement, channel one said , "initial investigations suggest our continent system was compromise by an unauthorized external third-party. channel one russia would like to apologize for any inconvenience the leak has caused." but who could the external third-party be? no one seems to know, and the conspiracy theorists are having a field day. laura: now to an eye-popping ,eport from the charity oxfam which shows that 8 men are worth as much as the 3.6 billion people make up the poorest half of the world.
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the gap has widened dramatically over the past 12 months. the maines to talking point as global leaders gather in davos, and it is there i spoke to oxfam international's executive director a short time ago. why has this gap between a handful of billionaires and the world's poorest widened so quickly? >> well, every year we publish the figure, and last year we publish that 62 people had as much wealth as the bottom half of humanity. this year, it is 8. it is 8 because we have better data particularly about china and india, which showed is that actually, poor people had even less well than we had thought. 8.is now down to that is the average figure could
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if we had the same last year, nine people have as much wealth as 36 billion bottom half of humanity. this is shocking. and i'm here in davos because i want the business leaders, big leaders,and government to understand that it is time to uke urgent and bold action to nrig the rigged economy that is responsible for this situation. laura: you are there talking to business leaders. is there a single policy change that you are advocating? winnie: absolutely. it is going to take a range of intervention, not a silver bullet. but it is all common sense approaches. it is managing the economy for the 99% and not just for the lucky few.
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these measures include, for example, raising the tax on the very rich, on the billionaires, on the superrich. then you would have more money -- first of all, a more level ground, and more money to put into schools, education, health, job creation. thea: but what are political consequences to this rising economy? extremewhere we are, inequality is huge, not just because it dropped his of a national disaster. it happened because of policy choices, political decisions that were made and continue to be made. different choices will put us in a different place. dodging, stopping the race to the bottom, paying a living wage to workers, ensuring
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that everybody has a chance to work and a decent living is earned for a decent days work. making sure that women catch up with men on wages and there is no discrimination against women and against -- on the basis of race in employment. these are common sense approaches that can make the economy work for ordinary people. laura: speaking to me earlier from davos in switzerland. it is martin luther king day in the u.s. and is syria takes on added significance, with the nations -- this year it takes on added significance with the nations first african-american president about to leave office. one of his last acts is to name some rights monuments. he leaves behind a complicated legacy on race.
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reporter: there'll civil rights battlegrounds across the country but few is crucial as those in this state. in one of his last acts as , barack obama has designated certain sites in alabama important to the civil rights movement as national monuments, and they included this motel which was used as a headquarters for a time by martin luther king. around the corner stands a church that was bombed by white supremacists in one of the pivotal moments of the civil rights struggle. president obama has made this a national monument, too, in honor of the 4 young girls who were killed. 11-year-old denise mcnair was one of those who died in the bombing, an event that sparked national outrage. >> the church is supposed to be your sanctuary so for that to happen in a church goes to those who may have been on the side of segregation and may have had to
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take a second look. reporter: during his presidency, president obama paid tribute to these historical events that paved his way to the white house, including inviting the mcnair family to washington. >> he gave me a big bear hug when i walked into the room. and then he hugged me later on when we were leaving. reporter: it is for other reasons she feels strongly that he has lifted up african-americans over the last eight years. >> for so long the perception was black was bad. black people are not smart enough, kind enough. he dispelled the myth of all of that. he is highly educated, kind, respectful. there could never be a better first african-american president. reporter: of course, many others here have been counting down the days until barack obama leaves office and donald trump takes over.
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>> i believe barack obama is the most divisive president in well over a generation. reporter: why? >> i believe he played the race issue. i agree with dr. king. his dream was men would be judged not by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. i believe barack obama kept reminding people of the color of skin and forcing it to be a racial issue. i think that has been very negative for our country. reporter: one of the most prominent civil rights lawyers in america today, he is perplexed by that kind of sentiment. >> i think he tried really hard to counter the idea that he was there just for people of color. i think his policies reinforced that. i don't believe you can point to many things he did that would be "racially divisive." we did have moments in this country -- police shootings being the most dramatic -- that i think were polarizing to people.
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but i can't find much that he did that any other democrat wouldn't have done. many of us think that he encountered hostility and resistance and obstacles and challenges that he might not have encountered. reporter: many others feel barack obama was not given a chance by some simply because he was black. for a lot of african-americans, it is important that race is constantly being brought up in this country. in spite of the inspiration president obama may have provided, huge practical inequalities remain. bbc news in alabama. laura: this president's legacy on race. the last man to walk on the moon has died at the age of 82. astronaut gene
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cernan was the last man to walk on the moon. that brings the broadcast to a close. i am laura trevelyan. from all of us here, thanks for watching. see you tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour, on this day honoring dr. martin luther king, jr., president-elect trump meets with king's son, despite a war of words with civil rights leader, congressman john lewis. then, mr. trump makes waves overseas, calling nato obsolete and signaling the u.s. may ease sanctions on russia. and, one man's journey to understand his hometown's call for a racial ban leads to insights into a still deeply divided america. >> we were raised with this notion that everyday america gets a little bit more just. i think in the research i learned, what often gets left out is that sometimes the gains of one generation are given back in the next.

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