tv Doc Film Deutsche Welle July 13, 2019 2:15pm-3:01pm CEST
spike resistance from some member states. you're watching the news live from berlin coming up next it's dr bill medina new soft wrote china's move on the west don't forget with all the latest news and information around the clock on our web site that's w dot com i'm called aspen they want to. play on. first day of school in the jungle. the 1st economy lesson in the doors grandma is arrives. joining a regular jane on her journey back to freedom to move in our interactive documentary mood during an orang utan returns home on t w don't come to tang's.
china's legendary silk road was one of the wonders of the ancient world now this trade route is being brought back to life on the new silk road is a vast undertaking and a demonstration of power and might. hundreds of billions of euros are flowing into new infrastructure or our way lines harbors streets bridges and tunnels in 65 different countries it's a project the likes of which the world has never seen. it's a powerful vision and for many and inspiring one. for some it represents opportunity for others misery. china is reaching toward the west along the new silk road we retrenched to a piece roots traveling from china to germany from the city of shenzhen to the city of to. spork. we travel thousands of kilometers overland to
central asia. and resale 2000 is of kilometers across the oceans or southeast asia following the major overseas trade routes. we have traveled great distances but europe is still far away. and. we retrace the route of the caravans heading west crossing remote passes in the 2 young shan mountains. it's a journey into the past along the ancient silk road. a route that today is marked by hope and opportunity and by burdensome debts and dependence on china.
and the route followed by the ancient traders and their caravans was filled with danger. there are arrival at tosh robots gave them a temporary respite. here they found food and shelter and were able to exchange goods and information about the journey ahead. to. the markets of kyrgyzstan still bare traces of this history. of. baku back back to rob is a nomad a day ago he left his yurt near song called lake. early this morning here arrived at the market in cos core. political school of oz of course this is the main trading season many come here from afar to make their purchases and then they bring the honor most to kazakhstan. of the cars on sunday in the. uk lubeck enjoys the
bustle of the market after the silence of his home near the lake and. he's planning to buy a horse. and he knows exactly what he's looking for. all the time i love some of the stuff you have to stroke them up there like that to see if it stays calm when i stroke it and then i know it'll do what i ask it to because it is a little to nothing. but the purchase will have to wait a cool back has invested in the promises of the new silk road and that's pushed him to the financial brink. much the same as has happened to the country of kyrgyzstan . he invites us to visit his home to find out more. the wide expanse of his own wild and untamed to untangle the government believes to improve
infrastructure it's gone deeply into debt with chinese companies. in the early evening a call back and his grandchildren round up the herd. the family has bought 3 new york's with their savings. but. they're intended for tourists who wanted venture and a taste of the simple life. at home as we're not afraid of anything. she alone has already improved here in the last 8 years that our standard of living is much higher now. we're in the. yes we did. the family hopes that money and affluence will come from the tourists who booked overnight stays here and the chinese who have promised to
invest on a grand scale. i believe the silk road still exists. because the those values still exist so that's a fact every country can profit from cradle long the silk road just as it. but what if these hopes are not fulfilled in the search for a better life things of great value might also be lost. at the world nomad games tradition still holds sway. by mark and his master nor back our local celebrities nor back raised the falcon and says it's like a son to him but no back needs the falcon every bit as much as the falcon. when i removed the hood. spray and flies to capture it. he sees for me.
it into a world. that's true or that it might 1st seem no back look how can our is blind . norbeck took gold at the 28000 world nomad games his brother on back knows who they have to thank for it. we were hoping for 3rd place and everyone was shocked when we took gold. nor back has promised to show his nephew some of the tricks of the trade. the family is proud of their showing at the nomad games. but they also wonder whether they'll be able to maintain their culture and traditions. we don't need go we need clean water the mountains earth us nature. so far our people haven't seen any good come of the chinese investment that's why we're taking to the streets
that's why there's been arson. on april 11th 2018 there was a violent protest over a gold mine built in cause i'm on with chinese investment. in doing anything in the woods with about a 1000 people were here and they lost their patience a crowd like that they don't listen to anyone. they burned the building to the ground and they're to get lost in the 30 i mean this is what's left of the gold rush i mean some village elders are willing to speak with us. they brought documents to show what the chinese mining company has been planning what sparked the weeks of protest against. the old soviet era mine was believed to contain some 40 tons of gold. the chinese wanted to take it over but local say they had no permits. them to fire them this consistency is it gets our land care guess
what and why should we give our land to a bunch of chinese with no permits it is leading to skin break. up to 7 tons of gold might lie beneath this field full of mining waste. the soviets mind using toxic sodium cyanide. could that account for the cases of cancer in the village and what were the chinese planning the village elders say the cure is authorities answered none of these questions. the government didn't investigate all the illnesses here they just want chinese money they don't care about us. that . everyone from the chinese to the kyrgyz government wants a share of the golden cause i'm on. in the end the chinese left. this time. but the flow of goods is awakening hopes
along the new silk road the chinese initiative wants to vastly increase the amount of freight transported by rail. and they're planning many new cargo relay junctions to transfer containers to the gauge of the russian made traffic. along the maritime silk road we find ourselves at another junction thousands of kilometers from china the country has now going to access to another deep sea port some 40 percent of the world's oil passes through here for china the port of call dar is another base in its string of pearls. such on 8 how good morning in chinese the teacher after he started in china a stroke of good fortune because that's come in handy here in quite dark aftab wants to help others here reap the same benefits without
a lot. when i was sighted i didn't have this opportunity to learn in my hometown learn chinese but they have so. we have. our children really can be good. chinese they have. business deal with them they school has facilities that many others in the country can only dream of all financed with money from beijing china is investing in the young people off pakistan. for aftab teaching is only a sideline he's actually an engineer and he has plenty of work to keep him busy china and pakistan are building for the future each in their own way.
is the force on the side of chinese on the pakistani market accepted to go. to. college. but you're working for china yeah the big muff the ability that this gal i'm. going to. cut you we're building a road to china. one day i'll be able to drive home on it you. know silk road will bring us together we're friends and that you couldn't help but think that. the chinese may be friends but they're under guard on the construction sites and elsewhere in the city block to stand is a conflict zone where violence and terrorism are rife foreigners are especially at risk many locals regard them as invaders not investors. we
stand here is a very terrible. turds that instant place in tucson for sure we go the. 3 chinese engineers died in that attack jango our jong. as a businessman and he knows that are lots at stake here for both countries people cannot move freely. that their few flee the big be the secretary too will be affected power on the other side please understand that the government or the army are responsible person who is. general as john was sent here to turn quite dark into a transit hub china has signed a 40 year lease on the ports but it's conditions are being kept largely out of public view we are not permitted to film on site. for dark as clear strategic value as a gateway to the arabian sea but it's unclear whether china's interest is only an economic
one some believe it might also have military significance for beijing. or you. break through some of the i don't know what you are scared of. in that china. is really pissed about the country i think it is. and you see we don't have a history of you and the countries. the chinese presence is impossible to overlook and more on the way the china communications construction company is planning more projects here the construction giant has big plans in what are. around the 5000 people are going to come chinese people going to them but for this
project i think maybe 802 like this you've overcome for this. it's going to be like a little china town just definitely china. ya ya grew up in quite dark after studying in. he returned home for him the arrival of the chinese spells an opportunity. to visit a creek bed to say good morning you father what a good space definitely you're walking in a new plan to your morning toward our future and there's a future about your part of it. definitely on there you know following a member of this. this optimistic outlook can't be taken for granted in guatemala but for other people here peace and prosperity seem but a dream they fear they've been forgotten and will keep forming further behind.
and they feel deep resentment of those who are proclaiming the arrival of a new golden future. in the world live but the chinese only care about their own interests they want to make a lot of money here they don't care about what happens to the poor to us maybe one day they know why yeah money arsenical. they're taking everything. right our doesn't belong to us anymore you take in the ocean from us the land there's nothing left of men like us have no work no think. the arrival of the chinese seems to have further split the region some stand to benefit others to lose everything. we resume our journey
98 percent of all goods on the new silk road are transported by ship the advantages of a maritime route are way the risks just as they did centuries ago. ships sent out from seward to distant shores turning into a trading empire ship building also has a long history here but the wooden dowel but it's a vanishing the last hour shipyard in saw is run by the alligator me family that keeping the traditional line down to the last detail. also to cotton seals the gaps between clacks collets family have been building downs for generations.
it's in our blood and we pass it on to our children god willing we'll continue doing this work for a long time. they build without a plan creating the entire ship from memory and the work is done by hand as it's always been. the reputation of a ship builders is keeping the tradition alive times are changing machines have replaced sales but for us seafaring in trade is still an important traditional. oman has a rich history and thanks to all the country's wealthy today but all reserves are finite what will happen after they're gone we continue through the desert pressing forward through the heat and sound.
finally we reach water and a very modern shipyard where at the dry dock into come. ships are repaired here and read it for the next voyage the former fishing village has become a major hub on the new silk road. a truly good many different tell you see a band from europe see it from a critic and from the issue as a. way of a good location having a good cause of votes for the verdi and had to leave its nearby. or. it is to. them is now an economic free zone which offers incentives to investors from all over the world including china. it's up to a man his job to bring in the chinese investors he says the chinese have vision and
energy. china is the out of that eclair the us and elsewhere. sometimes you will feel them there out of fairness. but in that. they put a bit of their will. and then there but i've been there at that i won't get there but walk. after that they would have stopped for us to see that. there isn't much to be seen yet but the china oman industrial park is shantel to go up here manufacturing facilities pipelines oil fields and a hospital out of thin air. that is there give you 3 but frankly it is a real fire yet very ambitious. test
now working on. a cluster of containers in the middle of nowhere this is just the beginning inside 2 men share a space of 12 square meters. they're far from home but earning good money. wages here are quite a bit higher than in china. so are they happy here. the. chinese are industrious people one of the diseases that's not the case when it comes to our foreign workers to look at. what is the difference. will be honest they're a bit lazy. but. believe that it will be done to keep your cheap little. workers from all over the region have come to work you know mom. used to low wages or home their appliable workforce. but. when you
come from somebody like that and you manage your time and it. i thought you got some. rocks from pakistan by you know this. the man almost seem to be marching information they'll work under the brutal desert sun to bring china's plan to fruition but most of them have never heard of the new silk road they're working to feed their families back at home. the grand visions they leave to the chinese. here are very important to understand the play is you know what is the u.s. government's approach that chinese companies that enterprises go off their contract
for the one belt one road one beltre also known as the new silk road demand sacrifices from the chinese to we work here or half your we have the one week asia we can call to our family or we also you know why did our family bring our family to here but here no place maybe after one year we can bring our family new family is through here. they are seeking their fortunes here in the desert and adding another link to china's new silk road. some are the city of stone. it was also a stop along the route of the ancient silk road. after the harsh terrain of the tian shan mountains some are conned welcomed the caravans with one of the
wealthiest civilizations of central asia. lost in the. the madrassas of samarkand are still overflowing with gold and ornate decorations and. we're meeting one of these beckett stands backers of the new silk road. by becky alston often speaks excellent german and will be our translator and tour guide. tonight he's serving fluff peel off the traditional feast. the silk road didn't only transport ideas it also disseminated ideas and recipes for prof speak when people from spain come to his back is fan are served prof they say oh this is spanish by you know. how you know which. plus is traditionally eaten
with the fingers not so easy for a left hander. in the mud traditionally we eat our food with our right hand as. i should have known. everywhere and some are conned there are signs of how far west we ventured. the influence of ancient persia is also visible everywhere 7. becca stan was once the center of an empire. in the 12th and 13th centuries culture and scholarship flourished here. timor also known as tom elaine was a great patron of art and culture and a brutal tyrant. his tomb is still an object of veneration. boy back has taken us to the bazaar of. a place filled with hidden treasures from
old sock on. he picks up a small dusty binder almost at random. in the dining room to you're holding history in your hand that tells a 1000 years old 900 years old is 700 years old 200 years old. the coins come from far and wide china persia greece they're a testament to the travel and trade that shaped the region over the centuries. today is out of the for them this is just old plunder for me it's history it's each item tells a beautiful story from the days of the old silk or. just in history is one of the oldest books according to our modern day calendar is from the 17th century. always i find a very sad when these books are bought by tourists and end up in europe somewhere they should stay here we need to build museums one of the. most when museum organs
and. we continue onward these cotton fields white gold. stand has long been accused of using forced labor in the cotton harvest they say that's no longer the case but taking pictures here is still prohibited. we wonder how carefully factory owners are monitoring compliance with labor laws. this new factory process is wrong cotton into thread the managers come from china the high tech equipment from germany built and run by the chinese with high tech equipment made in germany from companies recently bought out by the chinese only the workers and the cotton are from here. already away. 3 we invested here because the cost for water electricity gas and wages is much lower in becky stan that in china. the room tiriel cotton is also
a lot less expensive him. i usually say to me. china is buying high tech equipment from germany and cheap labor from spec a stand. china is also benefiting from tax breaks. but what about the end product. one in geo spec german forum for human rights claims that abuses are ongoing. the cotton is from stock it's only from around here fortunately or where do you buy it from. joyously georgia from the state trade center. it is that government sets the price you are sure. the chinese don't want to know more. the gone goes to factories to be manufactured into products made in china. consumers won't be told where the cotton came from. perhaps that's always been the case on the silk road. the value of the goods is what counts not where or how it was made.
we continue onward to the bosphorus where asia m's and europe begins. the afternoon sun bass is temple in a golden light. the rider on pommel has said that istanbul is marked by a special melancholy a kind of hazy memory of last grander coupled with decay. 7 the last capital of the ottoman empire was a jewel on the ancient silk road the caravans arrived here filled with treasures that ended up in the city's palaces and bazaars.
candied fruit. exotic fragrances. all of that and more can still be found that is then goes by so market. lulay isn't interested in that right now. she's a natural optimist but today is putting a dent in that. she runs a shop in the asian market nearby. business isn't going well after a few hours a customer buy something she ordered from china. since the start of the economic crisis and the collapse of the turkish lira everything's changed. so. i used to have customers lining up to get in and lines at the cash register people would hurry to pay they'd get here early to be 1st in the door those were the days
now days hours can go by without a customer sounds and. some about 10 medic cool. lulay still has a boat from the days when business was booming element but perhaps she's been in istanbul long enough to have acquired some of the city's melancholy and its memory of better days. the chinese who come to the city today are brimming with optimism their vision of the future extends well past istanbul and into the heart of europe. they're not interested in souvenirs they're planning a high speed rail corridor through the balkans that will help open the door to chinese goods and influence. that we're on the outskirts of belgrade but it almost feels like china. employees of the china railway company are standing at attention
. with the hope for the state owned company this is the flagship project even though they've been avoiding publicity. why are they building a new high speed rail link between belgrade and budapest. we chinese have a great deal of experience when it comes to modernizing old rail lines. we'll observe local rules and standards here as well as e.u. regulations that's the normal process we follow on any construction project but i don't like it to be doing what. it's apparent that who young junk is choosing his words carefully. and this construction site is one of the most unusual we've encountered on our journey. a single excavator is clearing the old railway track bed in front of a watching crowd of chinese. but perhaps today is giving
a mistaken impression. this construction site is supposed to be china's gateway to the heart of europe. we continue onward to hungary. our train isn't a high speed link yet. why is china moving toward europe what will it mean for its citizens and why is the railway project so expensive. we have an appointment with someone who has been studying the project for quite some time. more than a 1000000000 euro for such a long stretch seems rather high doesn't it the sunday area flatworms the suitors new to build a new tools or anything for g.'s it's a very very simple really i mean from the engineering front if you susan indeed super expensive and the belief in religion overlays on. the project's model is
a familiar one chinese banks are making loans and chinese companies are doing the building others will be left with the bill therefore the order is going to india lose some money then the additional bonus or on the side of the child listening to you repeat from the sunday times that this is a win win situation that's actually me as the chinese to watch. this story we see. these concerns don't seem to worry hungary's government while europe appears mired in self doubt admiration for the chinese system is growing the chinese way of business may be ruthless and anti-democratic but it gets results quickly this model is now making inroads in europe travelling along the new silk road. we now pass through the suez canal to reach europe by the maritime bridge many cities in europe are vying to become the next gateway for the new silk road ma say in the south of france stands
a good chance. we arrive at a village near the port a chinese village built out of containers on the edge of ma say. the masai international fashion center is a center for textile wholesalers who deal in fashions made in asia. madam chong is a wholesaler who occupies one of the containers. she sends her wares to shops across france while the country may be famous for. she's doing a booming business we've got a lot of that stuff. yesterday grandma and real magician now everything today's
made in china from the big companies to the luxor relabels it's all made there and sent here nothing's made in france and you know. we work hard and we're proud of that the entire world knows that the chinese are industrious and hard workers and our quality is improving all the time that. you can buy if they still work the chinese aren't clock watches. europe is hungry for fashionable clothing at low prices china is thirsty for expensive wine. i don't make the one i enjoy the one. big a big part of a big part of working in wine is you do need the business aspect that's very
important for decision making but also it's it is an art it is an appreciation of lifestyle and if you can never forget that or else it becomes a little too. and you lose the magic. the magic of wine brought howard kwok to bordeaux 10000 kilometers from. the vineyard here belongs to him as does the wine he's the youngest child of an entrepreneur based in hong kong the family has been snapping up wineries in southwestern france for years that latest acquisition is chateau betted foam bed ca an estate that includes almost 14 head tenants of vines. it's magnificent we've noticed this properties as 2000 times and every time we try to buy we looked. you know it's only a phone but now where it's our turn since 2015 we thought one almost every year
between 60 and 70 of at this moment we want to we need to. restore and clean up the existing properties we have that would be our number one goal and what i think building our brand as well once that's done i think i think all is possible we're willing to consider i consider more offers. and. if we go to the market it's a center of commerce and of local concert when it comes to the topic of the chinese presence in bordeaux many here have strong opinions. global warming. john aldous you want full of shit stirrer about people who try to use a rubber. where you are chateau are wine. of the what would you say in germany are favored by the brandenburg gate a few of the 3.
d. duper tears son came here 12 years ago france is now home but she doesn't feel like she completely belongs here. still she takes that in her stride officer says anomalously you know it's understandable the french don't know us we're strangers the chinese have a warm heart but we're a bit reserved. chinese people tend to stick to their own kind i'm different i'm married to a frenchman and speak the language that makes it easier watch it while on the. plane. for you how well. for a husband fabrice tries his hand at some chinese unit but dale ends up translating . the group our students and knology the science of wine and wine making if we
all know what is on your head to learn about french wine making china is importing knowledge not just wine. there are general during the shaky the chinese market has grown more diverse over the years for example china is a key importer of sweet white wines which we make here out of our late harvest in our sales figures for these products our story and the chinese market is clearly the driving force behind that. i look to you to says. this is new here i care a lot about this business and the wine is perfect not just sweet but with an interesting aroma perfect for chinese who are just learning to enjoy wine. i saw it because if i should have. a couple have bridged the gap between china and france personally and professionally so who's the driving force behind the business side
of things. a chinese proverb says men are in charge of the big things women handle the details but 90 percent of my physique the details. so there you have it. at times the new silk road ends up in rather unexpected places. after thousands of kilometers over land and sea we finally end up in. a city in germany's industrial heartland that has seen its fortunes decline now it's on the map again do spork is home to europe's largest inland port thanks to china it's fast becoming europe's main logistics hub. and china is also acquiring stakes in german companies. the harbor c.e.o.
every stock sees both risks and opportunities. it's not right then our companies can acquire more than a 50 percent share in chinese companies but the chinese can purchase 100 percent of european companies. so i'm critical or worried. in the end it's a political question especially for europe. politics. the new silk road has made promises of prosperity and growth to many people. but china's them bishan and the speed at which it is moving forward also pose risks that doubt will be ignored traditions will be cast aside and that many will simply be left behind. the new silk road is a project with global ambitions and its impact will be felt around the wild.
and i'm. diabetic. it's been 15 years since the move. she was the 1st man to walk on the moon. as a small boy she dreamed of the stars. as a highlight she says anything no matter how dangerous a. church or go to the polls. as an astronaut he took part in the. greatest adventure in history. was his destiny starts july 20. w.
. this is deja news coming to you live from bali and stone once for europe on his duty to care for refugees the united nations tells brussels it needs to do want to stop migrants from drowning in the mediterranean and the un wants the e.u. to brazil rescue missions at sea despite resistance from some member states also coming up christians in new orleans a war of deadly floods as tropical storm barry bettas down on the louisiana coast.