tv CNN Films Now More Than Ever The History of Chicago CNN January 7, 2017 5:00pm-7:01pm PST
white house is getting a new home right here. the obama daughter's swingset has been donated to a local organization supporting those in need. it was offered to the trump family first, but they declined. the legacy of barack obama coming up next. barack obama's america was born with hope, people were crying in the streets. and with crisis. >> fragile financial system. >> it's likely to get worse before it gets better. >> health care hysteria. >> why don't they take the health care being forced down our throat. >> twowars mas shtings. >> a gunman opens fire.
>> blocked by the mass killing. >> racial violence. >> if i had a son, he'd look like trayvon. >> this guy is a racist. >> barack obama made some big bets that paid off. >> welcome home. >> troops came home. gays got married. enemies were vanquished. >> justice has been done. 6789 millions got health care. ♪ amazing grace how sweet the sound ♪ >> and sometimes tragedy gave way to hope. >> your moment of liberation is at hand. >> what will remain? >> the president just smiled and
said, i'm a black guy named barack hussein obama, i feel lucky every day. >> what is the legacy of barack obama? he may be the most improblemible president in american history. in 2003 he was a state senator from illinois. >> the intent of this bill is to make sure. >> an unknown politician named barack hussein obama. five years later he was elected to the white house. he entered on a wave of hope and promise, he leaves office with robust approval ratings that place him in a small club. dwight eisenhower, ronald reagan and bill clinton. by the end of his presidency, the country was consumed by a wave of protests so strong, it had dashed the prospects of his
succe successor hillary clinton. and elected to the white house, his polar opposite. >> make america great again. a man who promised to erase the obama presidency. >> how did it happen? to understand that, we have to ask, what is the legacy of barack obama? phillip graham once sid, journalism is the first rough draft of history, that's what we tried to put together here, we will show you that love him or hate him, there's little doubt that obama has been one of the most consequential presidents in american history. notice i didn't say successful. time alone can make that judgment. he used his power to make some very big bets. what happens to that legacy if those bets are now undone.
we call barack obama our first african-american president because of the color of his skin. in truth, he's biracial. born of an african father a a white mother from kansas. >> theirstine of your biography will be not something you did, but who you are. >> right. >> the first african-american president. and yet, you're half white, raised by three white people, your mother and your two ground parents. >> and an indonesian you can throw in there. >> are you comfortable with their characteristic of you? >> i am, actually. the issue of race in america is not just genetic. it's cultural, it's this notion
of a people who look different than the mainstream suffering terrible oppression, but somehow being able to make out of that a music, and a language and a faith and a patriotism. >> being black meant only the knowledge of your own powerlessness and your own defe defeat. >> barack obama once felt quite differently about race. >> the final irony, should you refuse this defeat and lash out at your captors, they would have a name for that too. a name that could cage you just as good. like paranoid or militant or violent or nigger. >> at a reading from his first book, he told a painful story from his childhood, when his grandmother expressed fear of a man at her bus stop.
his grandfather became very angry. >> she's been bothered by men before. you know why she's so scared this time? i'll tell you why. before you came in, she told me the fellow was black. the earth shook under my feet, ready to crack open at any moment. i stopped trying to steady myself, and knew for the first time that i was utterly alone. >> the poem william wordsworth wrote, the child is the father of the man. how to reconcile this troubled boy with the man who grew up to be president. >> the fact that his mother is white from kansas. he brings together the unimaginable paradoxic aal opposites. >> having this unclear understanding of where he fit
into the american story. i think he somehow was able to tell himself that he might be able to be a person who could bring people together. >> barack obama, 47 years old, will become the president-elect of the united states. >> a seismic shift in american politics. >> this is truly an incredible moment of american history. >> november 4th, 2008. a joyous historic moment. >> because of what we did on this day in this election. at this defining moment change has come to america. >> we saw what happened, i mean, people were crying in the streets. there were people who were crying in the streets who did not vote for him. >> the idea that a black family would occupy the white house.
>> there was a reason why people were saying that over and over. ♪ >> i barack hussein obama do lemnly swear. >> nearly 2 million people packed into washington for the inaugural. >> preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> so help you god? >> so help me god. >> congratulations, mr. president. >> to look from the capital down toward the washington monument and besiege us this sea of faces and people had american flags, it was just absolutely extraordinary. >> the president of the united states. >> that night, barack and michelle obama danced to a song
sung by beyonce. the title told a story. ♪ at last my love has come along ♪ >> it seemed like a fairy tale beginning. but at precisely the moment the first couple began swaying on the dance floor, the central crisis of the obama presidency was already taking shape. >> within half a mile of where barack and michelle are dancing and celebrating. his republican opponents are wining and dining and plotting his defeat. >> 15 of the most powerful republicans in washington made a pact that night. >> out of that meeting, they decide the only way to win back power is to oppose obama at
every level. >> that fierce unrelenting opposition would haunt the next eight years. and what began as whispers is now discussed openly. did race play a role in the brick wall of republican resistance to barack obama? >> it's indisputable that there was aer if osity to the position, and a lack of respect to him that was a function of race. >> i can't name one thing that this congress supported this president on in eight years. >> you have to have an extraordinary explanation for this level of obstruction. >> david axelrod says at least one powerful republican was personally disrespectful to obama. >> said to him, we don't really think you should be here, but the american people thought otherwise, so we're going to have to work with you. >> republicans have strongly
rejected charges that race played a role in their opposition. >> i like a lot of americans am concerned and disagree with the president's policies and approaches from the stimulus spending to this health care strategy. am i a racist because i disagree with that? i don't think so. >> there are people who dislike me because they think i'm a liberal. >> the president doesn't see racism in mainstream opposite to him, but he does see it on the fringes. >> i think there's a reason why altitudes about my presidency among whites in northern states are very different from whites in southern states. >> so are there folks whose primary concern about me has been that i seem for the other? are those who champion the birther movement feeding off of bias? absolutely. >> the fact is, if he wasn't born in this country, he shouldn't be the president of the united states.
>> the loudest voice in the birther movement has of course now been elected president. >> why doesn't he give his birth certificate? he says he has a birth certificate. either they don't have one, which is very bad. or there's something on it that he doesn't want people to see. >> the birther movement has roots in racism, there's no question about it. >> i have people that actually have been studying it and they cannot believe what they're findsing. >> you have people now down there searching -- i mean, in hawaii. >> absolutely, and they cannot believe what they're finding. if he wasn't born in this country, then he has pulled one of the great cons in the history of politics. >> they found nothing. and the white house released obama's long form birth certificate. finally, the president had his say. >> no one is happier, no one is proud prouder to put this birth
certificate issue to rest than the donald. because he can finally get bac to focusing on the issues that matter, like, did wfake the moon landing. and where are biggie and tupac. >> large numbers of people could accept or believe it. >> the first racial controversy to rock the obama presidency came in july of 2009. >> a professor at harvard university tried to get in his own home in cambridge, mass and he wound up under arrest. >> henry louis gates had been trying to open his own front door. >> i don't know, not having been there and not seeing all the facts what role race played in that, but i think it's fair to say, number one, any of us would be pretty angry. >> number two that the cambridge
police acted stupidly. >> the president of the united states says what anybody in washington would say, it was stupid to arrest one of the most famous professors in the world in their house for being in their house. >> there was a very different response on the right. >> this president has exposed himself as a guy over and over and over again who has a deep seeded hatred for white people or the white culture, i don't know what it is. this guy is, i believe, a racist. >> he didn't say anything about the race of the police officer, about the race of the professor. >> obama apologized. >> i could have calibrated those words differently. he invited the police officer to the white house for a beer. >> black moral witness falls signed. if the president can't talk about this without being sent to the wood shed to be on equal
basis with some ranm cop,t's over. >> the ting of the gates arrest is important. it was the first time obama had addressed a racial controversy as president. it was also at the height of his health care fight. rage over obama care was turning to race. >> afroleninism coming to you on a silver platter. >> the president avoided the topic of race. >> can i get an officer to 1916 retreat view circle. >> your name? >> george. >> the violent death of one teenaged boy in florida. >> who are you? >> trayvon martin. >> not one more. >> put race back front and center. trayvon martin was on his way home from buying candy. when he was shot and killed by a
neighborhood watch volunteer. >> trayvon martin would be alive today if he wasn't wearing thug wear, if he wasn't wearing that hoodie. >> the president's response was personal. >> when i think about this boy, i think about my own kids. if i had a son, he'd look like trayvon. >> within months, case after case began to make headlines. young black men, dying at the hands of law enforcement. >> don't shoot him. don't shoot him. >> the details were often disputed but the rage was clear. >> african-americans did battle
with the police. >> we have to fight back >> and a new civil rights group, black lives matter quickly grew in number. some in the african community turned their rage on barack obama. >> stop telling black people they have to wait and these things take time. we can't wait. when you say we can't compare what's happening now, to what happened 50 years ago, tell that to the parents of these kids who will be gunned down in america's streets. it is open season. >> the president faced an impossible challenge, to be black enough to satisfy african-americans yet post racial enough to reassure many whites. >> he never ran to be the first black president. >> you may not be the president of black america, but you are the president of black americans. >> he needed to become a force
for healing. and finding the right way to do that is something he wrestled with. >> brand new new york times poll, finds that 69% of americans say that race relations are bad. the highest level, since the rodney king riots in 1992. >> relations between blacks and whites were at their worst point in a generation. >> if you want a black man to die, you send the police to kill him. >> the whole country was wrestling with race. >> if they don't do something, they're the bad guys. if they do some, they're the bad guys. >> what are they supposeds to do. >> these suppressed racial feelings and resentments, actually, rather than being quelled by obama's rise were unleashed by obama's rise. no single moment in the obama presidency was at once so ugly and unifying as the
charleonhurch shooting. >> the killings are being investigated as a hate crime now. >> you are raining our women, you are taking over our country. i have to do what i have to do. >> nine people murdered. the gunman wanted to start a race war. >> when president obama came to the emmanuel a.m.e. church, his heistance to speak frankly on race was gone. >> for too long we've been blind to the way past injustices continue to shape the president. we now realize the way racial bias can infect us even when we don't realize it. oh, but god works in mysterious ways. god has different ideas. ♪ amazing grace how sweet the
sound ♪ ♪ that saved a wretch like me >> when he sang amazing grace, you know -- there was a medicine in that song. for 400 years of funeral after funeral there's a hallelujah any how. no matter what you do to me. he channeled that as the president. and that was a profoundly important moment, you know. and to me, that's the capstone
that's the capstone. that's this man not just rediscoverering who he is, but rediscovering who this country is. >> may god continue to shed his grace on the united states of america. when we come back -- >> the u.s. banking system remains in trouble. worst showing ever on an inaugural day. >> the first day, a day from hell. >> we could have a second great depression. >> nearly 1.2 million jobs had disappeared. >> it's a stunningly scary moment. >> welcome to the white house. >> maybe because i was too new to panic -- anywhere in the planet. wherever there's a phone, you've got a bank, and we could never do that before. the cloud gave us a single
platform to reach across our entire organization. it helps us communicate better. we use the microsoft cloud's advanced analytics tools to track down cybercriminals. this cloud helps transform business. this is the microsoft cloud. there goes my sensitive bladder. sound familiar? then you'll love this. incredible protection in a pad this thin. i didn't think it would work, but it does. it's called always discreet watch this. this super absorbent core turns liquid to gel, for incredible protection that's surprisingly thin. so i know i'm wearing it, but no one else will. always discreet for bladder leaks
♪ day one. >> the new president bows his head in prayer. he needed all the help he could get. he had been briefed. he was facing the worst economic crisis in decades. >> the fragile financial system. >> we're going to lose a million more jobs and we could have a second great depression. >> the financial system is locked up and it might collapse. >> the u.s. banking system remains in deep trouble. >> we were hanging on the edge of a cliff and starting into the
aby abyss. >> it was a stunningly scary moment. >> there was plenty of panic to go around. >> the troubled economy offering a harsh greeting to the new president. >> it's tough to stay positive when you've been getting clubbed to death. >> markets were collapsing. major banks were failing. >> i'm definitely going to pull my money out. >> more than 100,000 americans were losing their homes every week. >> we're serving an eviction on you. you have to take off in 15 minutes. >> the worst effect? soaring unemployment. >> in 2008 nearly 1.2 million jobs have disappeared. >> and still climbing. >> we need jobs. >> people are scared. >> it was getting worse, we had already as a country done a
massive amount of things. >> where do you start? >> which one of these piles of things that you want to start with. >> we had this big debate about what to do. >> it's your first day on the job, and the world econo is collapsing. did you ever think to yourself, this is going to derail the country, my plans, the presidency. >> maybe because i was too new to panic i was very confident we could get to the right answer. >> obama decides to go big, a stimulus bill that would pump $800 billion into the economy. tax cuts, money to save the jobs of cops and teachers. and the rebuilding of roads and bridges. >> only government can provide the short term boost necessary to lift us from a recession this deep and severe. >> republicans hated it. they said it was too rushed and
hopelessly complex. >> i don't know how you could read all these pages between midnight and now. what happened to the promise that we're going to let the people see what's in this bill for 48 hours. no, we don't have time to do that. >> the decisions he was making to save the economy were all politically toxic. he had no illusions about that. >> still, obama thought he could get some of the votes. he went to capitol hill. >> a very dramatic gesture on the part of the president as you know. >> to talk to republicans on their turf. >> it did not go well. >> i could it not find anyone who said they would vote yes
tomorrow. >> not so much as it turned out. the republicans had made up their minds, before obama even arrived. >> on my trip up to the hill they released an e-mail saying, we're going to vote against it, before they even heard our presentation. >> they were making political decisions and we were trying to save the country from a disaster. >> this was, in fact, a crucial moment in the history of the obama presidency. it was only the president's second month in office. the financial crisis was about to get even scarier, and yet it was already clear. republicans would hold firm to the vow they made as he entered the white house. >> mitch mcconnell says what his strategy is. >> they told you the strategy. it's not like you have to interpret it, they're overt about it. >> their desire to stop him, was going to have devastating
consequences for the american people and why. >> was some of it race or the politics, was it power? >> putt obama was not blameless. republicans say he would not accept any of their ideas. >> no engagement in anyway shape or form. >> they found him unappealing in many ways. >> the republicans had a favorite word to describe the president and his policies. >> really, arrogant if you will. >> arrogant. >> i do think barack obama is arrogant. >> but now, obama had to go it alone. and he was facing a new crisis. >> more troubles for gm and its workers. >> america's iconic car company general motors was in a death spiral. >> general motors right now, i think we're all afraid. >> they were talking about two weeks and bust. it was not two years, it was not, we have a problem here. we think we can keep it alive
for two weeks. >> chrysler was collapsing as well. >> everybody's here for one common cause. we want to keep our jobs. >> there were layoffs, plant closings. >> it's time to get pissed off. >> yeah! >> we cannot and must not, and we will not let our auto industry simply vanish. >> keep america great. >> polls showed almost two thirds of the american people opposed bailing out the car companies. mitt romney whose father ran a car company wrote an op ed, let them go bankrupt. >> our government will be making a significant additional investment of about $30 billion in gm. >> the massive loan effectively made the u.s. government the owner of general motors. >> we own a car company. >> it's very scary. >> lenin and stalin would love this stuff. >> that bailout does not mean as much as bank bailouts.
>> millions in bonuses were being paid to the very same bankers who many thought had almost destroyed the world economy. >> it makes me feel disgusted. >> it makes me angry, certainly. >> if you're a ceo of a company like that, you shouldn't be able to drive a limo. you should ride the subway like everyone else. >>ed the anger came from all directions. >> what happened with these bonuses was a mugging on wall street. >> those bonuses were contractual obligations, but the administration understood that the optics were awful. >> i did not run for office. to be helping out a bunch of fat cat bankers on wall reet. >> it looked like you were giving money to the arsonists, and they were going to profit
while the country burned. >> then american anger over all of it, seemed to find a voice. >> the government is promoting bad behavior. >> on the floor of the chicago mercantile exchange, a cnbc reporter went on an epic rant about bailouts. >> this is america. how many of you people want to pay for your neighbor's mortgage that has an extra bathroom and can't pay their bills. raise their hand. president obama, are you listening? we're thinking of having a chicago tea party in july, all you capitalists that want to show up to lake michigan, i'm going to start organizing. >> what are you dumping in this time? >> mayor daley is marshalling the police right now. >> rabble rouser. >> get the national guard. >> it was the moment the tea party movement was born. in the end the banks were stabilized and credit began flowing to main street. the taxpayers got all their money back with interest from those bets.
>> we saved the country, we lost the country doing it. >> and they lost big. >> even though obama's emergency rescue succeeded. the appearance that he was helping wall street rather than ordinary americans, that would prove very expensive. it cost him mountains of his political capital just when he needed it. he was headed into a gathering storm that would threaten the one thing he wanted most. >> can you hear us now? >> that story later in the program. but first, how the preside who brought down bin laden let the next big terror threat rise up. and take over lands americans had died for. >> let me ask you if it's possible in your position to be completely honest and say the rise of the islamic state
hello, everybody. >> december 14th, 2011, was a great day for barack obama. >> hello, ft. bragg. >> it was the day he proudly announced that the troops were home from iraq. >> welcome home. >> a campaign promise fulfilled. just in time for his re-election bid. but had the president taken his victory lap too early? three years later -- chaos had descended on iraq. cities that americans had bled for. mosul. >> isis now controls western iraq's most -- >> ramadi. fallujah. had been lost again to a deadly new terror group, isis. let me ask you if it's possible in your position to be completely honest and say the rise of the islamic state surprised you. it took you by surprise. it took the administration by surprise.
>> the ability of isil to initiate major land offenses, that was not on my intelligence radar screen. >> everyone was stunned. that a few thousand militants swept through iraq and syria sowing fear in the region and the world. >> chop off the heads of the americans. chop off the heads of the french. chop of the heads of whoever. >> they created a caliphate. ruled by strict sharia law, meeting out punishments in the most barbaric ways imaginable. their philosophy may have been medieval, but they were masters of the internet. >> come to jihad. >> brother in islam and syria. i originally come from canada.
>> luring recruits from malaysia to belgium to new jersey. >> isis claiming responsibility for the -- >> large truck careens through crowds of tourists -- >> bullets fired into a cafe. >> killed at least 30 people in belgium. >> soon they'd mount some of the deadliest terror attacks since 9/11. casting a large shadow over obama's presidency. >> to solve a problem -- >> and an even larger one over the presidential election. >> the way they got out of iraq, the vacuum they've left, that's why isis formed in the first place. and now they're in 32 different nations, hillary. congratulations. great job. >> so could president obama have prevented the rise of the islamic state? his critics point to a pivotal decision. leaving iraq with just a handful of troops.
his generals had wanted thousands more. >> i don't know whether 10,000 troops would have given us the leverage. i suspect it might not have. but i would have liked to have tested the proposition. >> but there was a problem. his predecessor, president bush, had signed an agreement with the iraqis promising that all troops would be gone by the end of 2011. >> the only way in which we're going to keep troops there was at the invitation of that government, and we couldn't get that done. >> we spent a considerable amount of time talking about syria. >> that government was run by this man, prime minister nuri al maliki. he didn't get a new agreement approved by his parliament. worried he would lose his political support, perhaps most crucial, maliki, a hard-line shiite, had mounted a crackdown against sunni muslims throughout
the country. as a result, many of them had turned in desperation and defiance to isis which is hard-line sunni and deeply anti-shiite. meanwhile, another crucial decision faced the president. how to handle the growing crisis in neighboring syria. where jihadis were showing up to battle the regime of bashar al assad. >> we had reports coming from iraq that some of the fighters in al qaeda in iraq had moved to syria. >> robert ford, then the u.s. ambassador to syria, witnessed the turmoil firsthand. >> a few car bombings blamed on suicide. >> al qaeda in iraq. >> remains of the dead were scattered.
>> the group that morphed into isis. >> the wounded were carried away in blankets. >> was suspected of master minding a car bombing of serious state security officers. >> one car goes in and blows up to take down the other defense and a second car goes in to detonate. >> the criminal attack carries the blueprints of al qaeda. >> this is a hallmark tactic of al qaeda in iraq. >> back in washington, ambassador ford met with david petraeus, who was then the head of the cia. the extremists in syria were getting stronger, he said. while the moderate rebels fighting assad were getting weaker. >> do nothing, extremists will continue to gain ground. that's what our syrian contacts were telling us. this isn't rocket science. >> petraeus urged the white house to arm the moderates. >> recommendations were made to assist some of the opposition elements and that decision was obviously not forthcoming to do that for quite a very long time.
>> the president was skeptical. he saw the syrian civil war as a quagmire in which the moderates were too disorganized to prevail. >> i think this notion that somehow there was this ready-made moderate syrian force that was able to defeat assad is simply not true. >> jay tells me you've been missing me. >> in august 2012 at a routine press conference -- >> your latest thinking on where you think things are in syria. >> obama appeared suddenly willing to use force against assad. >> a red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons moving around or being utilized.
that would change my calculus. >> that red line was crossed one year later. a horrific sarin gas attack in a damascus suburb left hundreds dead, including many children. the president ordered the military to get ready for a strike. an attack was imminent. >> the drums of war growing louder. >> the u.s. will punish syria. >> the obama administration says there must be a response. >> but the president who wanted to end america's wars in the middle east was having second thoughts about starting a new one. he proposed what some saw as a delaying tactic. seek permission to fight from congress. some of his staff worried it was a mistake. but obama stood his ground. convinced that the american public was as weary of war as he was. >> if one were to look at your statements on syria from the start, the red line, and then
your decision at the very last minute not to use military force, wouldn't it be fair for critics to say this shows inconsistency, perhaps it shows your own ambivalence, and yet you have seen it as one of your best moments. >> ambivalence, absolutely, because it's hard. with respect to my red line, we in fact positioned our military to be able to strike assad if he did not give up his chemical weapons. the fact is, he got rid of his chemical weapons in an unprecedented way. >> the world will now expect the assad regime to live up to its public commitments. >> assad's allies in the kremlin helped broker a deal that forced hito ge upis chemical weapons stockpile. within a year, syria's declared materials were removed without a shot being fired. but the syrian civil war
continued. and extremists gained the upper hand. >> when you have these ungoverned spaces, that's exactly where they like to set up. they can plan, organize, recruit, do training. that's what they need. >> in 2013, isis took over raqqah. a major city in syria. then they marched into iraq capturing vast swaths of territory. they had effectively created their own nation. an islamic state. over the last two years, isis has been badly squeezed. but the group could still strike any time in the middle east, europe or america. and syria is still in chaos.
>> this country and this region, in fact, does not play by las vegas rules. what happens in syria doesn't stay in syria. it spews violence and instability and extremism and ultimately a tsunami of refugees. into the countries of our european allies and partners. it was a time and there was a way top moderates in the opposition prevail. absolutely we missed an opportunity. >> do you think it is an accomplishment of your presidency that you've substantially kept the united states out of the syrian civil war militarily? >> i think it is the smartest decision from a menu of bad options that were available to us. have we been flawless in the execution of what's a complicated policy in the region? absolutely not. i think flawless is not
available when it comes to foreign policy or the presidency at least with mere mortals like me at the helm. have we made the best decisions that were available to us at each stage? the answer is yes. up next -- the battle at home. >> 911, what's the location of your emergency? >> sandy hook school. >> with mass shootings. >> the only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun -- >> a president struggles -- >> -- is a good guy with a gun. >> -- with an american horror story. >> they had their entire lives ahead of them. >> that story when we return. hi, juice universe? one large rutabaga, with eggplant... done! that's not fair. glad i had a v8. the original way to fuel your day. justice is spelled b-o-x.
say hello to a powerful tool that gives you options to fit your budget. ♪ oh, i'm tied to this chair! ♪ dun-dun-daaaa! i don't know that an insurance-themed comic book is what we're looking for. did i mention he can save people nearly $600? you haven't even heard my catchphrase. i'm all done with this guy. box him up. that's terrible. whattwo servings of veggies? v8 or a powdered drink? ready, go. ahhhhhhhh! shake! shake! shake! done! you gotta shake it! i shake it! glad i had a v8. the original way to fuel your day.
9/11, what is the location of your emergency? >> i think there is somebody shooting in here. at sandy hook school. they're still shooting. >> okay. >> five minutes, that is how long it took for a deranged man with an assault rifle to end the lives of 26 first graders and five adults at sandy hook elementary school. >> it's a horrific scene, we've never seen anything like this. >> mr. president. >> the majority of those who died today were children. the beautiful little kids between the ages of 5 and 10
years old. they had their entire lives ahead of them. birthdays. graduations, weddings. kids of their own. >> barack obama was haunted by the gun violence that pervades america, but gun control was the big bent he did not make. >> if you asked me what has been the one area where i feel i have been most frustrated and most stymied, it is the fact that the united states of america is the one advanced nation on earth in which we do not have sufficient common sense, gun safety laws. >> he failed to pass any
firearms legislation. by the time it became a priority he simply did not he the political capital. >> well, i think a president has to figure out what priorities he is going to have a chance of getting through like gun control. he may have felt if i go for that then i may lose this. because you're building up capital or you're losing capital. >> let's be honest here, there haven't been the votes in the congress for gun control, make no mistake about it. >> the mid-term election of 2010 had been a disaster for the democrats. >> some election nights are more fun than others. >> they lost the house and the senate and with them any chance of getting any major legislation passed. still, when it came to guns obama would finally find a way to act without congress and make the first move on gun control in decades. but now, it could all easily be reversed. president-elect donald trump has
vowed that there will be no gun restrictions. >> a gunman opens fire. >> a spray of bullets. >> by the mass killing. >> it was early in obama's presidency when an explosion of gun violence began to hit the headlines. among the worst shootings, tucson, arizona. >> six people dead, 12 others wounded including democratic congresswoman gabrielle giffords. >> there is nothing i can say that will fill the sudden hole torn in your heart. >> aurora, colorado. >> 12 people killed, 38 injured after a gunman opens fire in a movie theater. >> i would like us to pause in a moment of silence for the victims of this terrible tragedy. >> the president was praised for his eulogies, but pillared for
inaction. >> you campaign on a promise that would enact legislation that would ban assault weapons, again, what changed your mind? why did you not in the last three years do anything? >> evil visited this community today. >> it was not until newtown that obama finally acted. public anger and his over resolve drove him to put his full weight behind gun control legislation. >> this is not the first incident of horrific gun violence of your four years. where have you been? >> well, here is where i have been, jake. i have been president of the united states dealing with the worst economic crisis since the great depression. an economic crisis, two wars, i don't think i've been on vacation. so i think all of us have to do some reflection on how we prioritize what we do here in
washington. >> the president took the unusual step of bringing newtown parents in to actually work on the bill. the action broadened to include internet and gun sales. consider, an astonishing 92 of the country including an overwhelming majority of gun owners supported backgroun checks on all potential gun buyers. >> we did think that would be an easy get because of the simplicity of it and because it was not anything new. >> but the nra fought hard. >> the only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun. >> and the nra won. in april, 2013, the bill came up five votes short. >> the amendment is not agreed to. >> all in all, this was a pretty shameful day for washington. >> it was a defeat that the
president took personally. >> but instead of supporting this compromise the gun lobby and its allies willfully lied about the bill. >> the failure to be able to do anything even in the face of that, even in the face of the slaughter of these innocent young kids was deeply depressing to him. >> barack obama would have to address mass shootings again and again. >> i've had to make statements like this too many times. no other advanced nation endures this kind of violence. >> this is becoming the norm. >> finally, in january, 2016, he announced he was bypassing congress and taking executive action. >> the gun lobby may be holding congress hostage right now, but they can't hold america hostage. >> he narrowed the gun show loophole. >> first gradersn newtown, first graders, and from every
family who never imagined that their loved one would be taken from our lives by a bullet from a gun. every time i think about those kids it gets me mad. >> he now has decided he is just going to write laws on his own, and give us edicts as if he is a kid. that is a petulant child, he is refusing to listen to the will of the american people. >> and now, even obama's executive orders are at risk. >> i will veto that. i will unsign that so fast. so fast. >> president-elect trump has said there will be no gun restrictions on his watch. it is likely that the bet
president obama did not make will remain off the table for years. >> no one who has been to more memorial services and comforted more families than the president. and each time he looks at a family who looks at him going why couldn't we have done more? believe me, that is like a poker in his stomach and so it eats away at him. >> all the progress that we've made these last eight years goes out the window if we don't win this election. >> in the final days of barack obama's presidency, he campaigned his heart out. one last time. >> donald trump's closing argument is what do you have to lose? the answer is everything. >> obama reached for the themes that had driven him since his days as a community organizer. equality and social justice.
>> i'm not on the ballot this time, but fairness is on the ballot. tolerance is on the ballot. courtesy is on the ballot. equality is on the ballot. democracy is on the ballot. >> issues involving women, gays, minorities and immigrants were among those closest to his heart. but now they appear to be the obama achievements that are at greatest risk. donald trump has vowed to undo much of barack obama's social agenda. >> the change will begin my first day in office. >> they're bringing drugs. they're bringing crime. >> build that wall! build that wall! >> african-americans, hispanics, are living in hell. >> i'm pro life, the judges will be pro-life. >> it's that last item he mentioned, judges, that may have
the most powerful affect in undoing the obama legacy. donald trump has said he plans to put a hard line conservative on the supreme court. that would create a majority that could reverse almost all of obama's programs. obama thought that the supreme court could look more like america. >> president obama names his first supreme court pick, and history's first latino. >> he began with sonia sotomayer. then a year later he nominated another woman, elena kagan. for the first time in history there were three women on the supreme court. >> i may be a little grayer than i was eight years ago. but this is what a feminist
looks like. it was obama's new high court that ushered in america's biggest social change in decades. june of 2015. the supreme court ruled gay marriage was legal. >> it's incredible. we waited all of these years, all of these years. and now we all get marriage equality. >> today should also give us hope that on the many issues with which we grapple, often painful. real change is possible. shifts in hearts and minds. is possible. >> obama knew the shift was possible because he had made it himself. >> i believe that marriage is the union between a man and a woman. >> the most progressive president in a generation had dragged his feet on gay
marriage. advocates felt betrayed. >> many suspected obama's reluctance was a political decision. reflecting his sense of just how much change the country could digest. >> what do we want? >> instead of pushing gay marriage he had steadily but quietly made smaller strides. first, obama signed a hate law against gays. then, he signed a bill allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military. >> never been more proud to wear my uniform and represent this country than today. >> it was not obama but joe biden who forced the issue of gay marriage out of the political closet. >> as more and more americans come to understand what this is all about, is a simple proposition, who do you love? who do you love?
and will you be loyal to the person you love? >> days later, obama followed and became the first president to support gay marriage. >> it is important for me to go ahead and affirm that i think same-sex couples should be able forg to get married. >> it would be three more years before the supreme court would make it a fundamental right. and that is something that donald trump seems to have no argument with. but a trump court could well reverse that right, as well as the now 43-year-old decision roe v wade. the high court's importance can't be overstated. merrick garland was chosen, but
the high court vetoed it. an eight-person panel split evenly alongolo the ideas. the president issued an executive order to keep millions of people from being deported. but when that order was argued before the supreme court student eight justices divided along party lines, of course. >> this is part of the consequence of the republican failure so far to give a fair hearing to mr. merrick garland, my nominee to the supreme court. >> as with guns, the executive order had become his only way to get things done. >> and to those members of congress who question my decision to make things better
or question the decision to act where congress has failed, i have one answer. pass a bill. >> near the end of his presidency, barack obama returned to springfield, illinois. where his career began. >> thank you. >> to reflect on his commitment to social justice. >> there has always been a gap between our highest dhooi deals reality that we face every day. we have fought laws and staged protests and launched mighty movements to close that gap. >> springfield is where obama first announced his run for presidency. >> i am ready to take up the cause and march with you and work with you. >> and of course springfield is the home of obama's hero, abraham lincoln. >> because lincoln made that decision not to give up, because of what he set in motion,
generations of free men and women of all races and walks of life have had the chance to choose this country's course. what a great gift. what are you doing? getting your quarter back. fountains don't earn interest, david. you know i work at ally. i was being romantic. you know what i find romantic? a robust annual percentage yield that's what i find romantic. this is literally throwing your money away. i think it's over there. that way? yeah, a little further up. what year was that quarter? what year is that one? '98 that's the one. you got it! nothing stops us from doing right by our customers. ally. do it right. let's get out of that water.
a disciplined approach to american power. that avoided big messy wars. while training a laser-like focus on groups like the deadly al qaeda. >> the united states conducted an operation that killed osama bin laden, the leader of al qaeda. >> and yet, the cool commander in chief of the last eight years presided over the collapse of syria. and the birth of isis. which gets us to a man with a much different temperament. >> i would bomb the shit out of them. >> how did one lead to the
other? to understand why, you have to go back to the beginning of this story. chicago. 2002. >> when i look out over this crowd today i know there is no shortage of patriots or patriotism. ♪ all we are saying ♪ >> a little-known illinois state senator spoke at a protest against the bush administration's plans for a war in iraq. >> i don't oppose war in all circumstances, what i do oppose is a dumb war. >> that speech in 2002 is why barack obama became president. >> the eyes. >> nine days later, hillary clinton and 76 other senators. >> the joint resolution is passed. >> voted to give president bush the authority to go to war in iraq. >> it is a vote that says clearly to saddam hussein, this is your last chance, disarm or
be disarmed. >> by 2008, the iraq war was seen as america's worst foreign policy debacle since vietnam. in the primary against hillary clinton. >> i was opposed to iraq from the start. >> senator obama never let voters forget that he had been on the right side of history. >> i don't want to just end the war but i want to end the mindset that got us into the war in the first place. that is the kind of leadership i will conduct. >> senator clinton, that is a clear swipe at you? >> really? >> i have come to speak to you about how the war in iraq will end. >> less than six weeks after he was inaugurated he told the troops his plans for withdrawal. >> i intend to remove all u.s.
troops from iraq by the end of 2011. god bless the united states of america. president obama not only wanted to get america out of iraq he wanted america to learn from the war and rethink its role as a global super power. >> we are the most powerful country in the world but even a country this powerful has some limits and some constraints and we have to be judicious in the way we use that power. this is not an abstract proposition, we send 23-year-olds, and they lose limbs and some don't come back. >> obama wanted to apply that
passage in afghanistan. his generals wanted a large new surge of troops. but he insisted on something smaller. >> he took on this idea that the commander in chief is not the commander in chief. that somehow the commander on the ground should be the person who gets everything he needs, as determined by him. >> and he demanded a deadline for when the troops would come home. >> our troop commitment in afghanistan cannot be open-ended. >> consider this. in january, 2009, there were 175,000 troops in afghanistan and iraq. as of december 2016, there were around 15,000. but barack obama was no
peacenik, he had a dramatically different approach to war. compared with his predecessor. instead of fighting terror with large armies he would rely more on technology, it would change the very nature of war. the armed drone. >> never before in american history has an american president had the technology and the legal authority to hunt down any person anywhere on the face of the earth and kill them. >> there was a surreal selection process that became known as the kill list. >> they would have bios and pictures of these people. some came to be called sort of baseball cards of terrorists. and a decision was made to put them on the list or not put them on the list. >> carrying out the campaign of killing was the president's cia
director, leon panetta. obama gave him plenty of latitude. when obapanetta wanted to expan the drones, the president over the objections, told him, the u.s. gets what it wants. >> al qaeda's second in command has been killed. >> killed by a u.s. drone strike. >> drones got the job done. >> reported drone strike. >> al qaeda's senior leadership was decimated. >> the joke became that they once again killed the number three guy in al qaeda. >> president obama had become the drone president. >> very controversial drone program. >> killed. >> killed in the drone attack. >> have you opened a pandora's box? people will use your precedent and say well, the americans
under obama did it so we're going to use drones and is that the world we're likely to enter? >> i recognize the danger of an antiseptic war from a distance that starts looking like a video game. >> it's a video game that is all too real. >> the death toll now appears to be 15. >> many innocent lives have been taken by accident. >> nationwide rallies against u.s. drone attacks. >> the president tightened the rules of engagement. >> our preference is always to detain, interrogate and prosecute. >> one of the jobs is to keep the american people safe from the bad guys. >> the most important bad guy on
president obama's list was osama bin laden. the cia believed it had him in its sights in pakistan. >> i think he has a very distinctive look. >> he is very tall, his gait is very unusual, call it instinct, i said yeah, i think that is him. >> but identifying him was by no means a slam dunk. >> the odds that it was osama bin laden were probably 50/50. >> failure of the mission could easily have cost the president his job in 2012. but in the end he decided to move forward. >> and it was emblematic of presidential decision-making. you're always working with probabilities. and you make a decision not
based on 100% certainty but with the best information that you have got. >> obama and his team watched the operation from a cramped conference room in the white house. >> i was sitting here in my wind breaker, i think gates was there, and hillary, and we were essentially watching what was happening in realtime. it's here where we observed, for example, that one of the helicopters got damaged in the landing. >> a chopper carrying the troops had suddenly spun out of control as it tried to land. obama's presidency rested in the hands of a helicopter pilot. >> i was thinking that this is not an ideal start. >> but the pilot managed the landing. the elite commandos took the steps of the compound and found their man making history for them and the president.
>> on nights like this one we can say to those families who have lost loved ones to al qaeda's terror, justice has been done. >> it was the high point of barack obama's presidency. >> usa. >> but it proved to be a temporary high. three years later, the united states watched as a new terror group, more brutal, more radical, more effective than al qaeda swept through syria and iraq. capturing major cities. and enslaving local populations. attracting thousands of followers. >> any attempt by you, obama. >> and beheading americans.
>> will result in the bloodshed of your people. >> it gave donald trump an opportunity to hammer at obama's foreign policy. >> he founded isis. and i would say the co-founder would be crooked hillary clinton. >> up next, barack obama's biggest bet, faced with a new american revolution. the twists and turns to obamacare when we return. i really did save hundreds on my car insurance with geico. i should take a closer look at geico... geico has a long history of great savings and great service. over seventy-five years. wait. seventy-five years? that is great. speaking of great, check out these hot riffs. you like smash mouth? uh, yeah i have an early day tomorrow so... wait. almost there. goodnight, bruce.
gotta tune the "a." (humming) take a closer look at geico. great savings. and a whole lot more. but if you hurry, the holidays may be over you can still get the best deals on the best network. like verizon's best smartphones for only $10 per month. like the samsung galaxy s7. the pixel, phone by google. or the motoz droid. for only $10 per month. plus, hurry in and switch to verizon now and get up to $650 to cover your costs. there's still time to get amazing deals at verizon.
right wanted change. >> the president was undeterred. >> i am not the first president to take up this cause but i am determed to be the last. >> we're the only advanced nation on earth that did not make sure that every person had affordable health care. >> when you consider that presidents have been trying since teddy roosevelt to get health care passed, fdr was hoping to do it. jfk. >> no matter how hard the road, what history will record is that obama got it done. but that achievement that seven presidents attempted, once thought impossible is now at risk. >> it's over for obamacare. >> this is the story of the epic battle to pass obamacare. >> congratulations, mr. president. >> it began just days into
obama's presidency. >> it was a big bet that he could do something that seven presidents couldn't do. >> yes, it was a huge bet. >> a bet many wanted to place somewhere else. >> he had half a dozen big domestic policy goals that were fighting for attention. >> the president of the united states. >> first, obama took his case to the very people he knew would try to kill him. >> let there be no doubt, health care reform cannot wait. it must not wait and it will not wait another year. >> when we were discussing health care he said what are we supposed to do, put our approval rating on the shelf and admire it for eight years or are we supposed to draw down on it to get important things that are done for the country? >> this is a unique alignment for the stars for one party. a democratic president, a big majority in the senate, a decent size majority in the house.
>> knowing what he faced from the republican opposition the president who ran as a government outsider surrounded himself with political insiders. >> it was the opportunity to do things that nobody had the political will to do before. deal-maker. uel, an arm-twisting he quick rose to the democratic leadership in congress, he knew the hill and he knew health care. >> there is some value being in the clinton white house, saw where it went wrong from the inside. >> rahm emanuel and obama knew they needed congressional buying this time. they thought congress should write the bill. >> i just don't want to get in the way out of all of you moving aggressively and quickly. >> and there were others obama needed on his side, the special interest. insurance companies, big pharma, the doctors. >> karen helps represent the insurances. >> we understand we have to earn
a seat at the table. >> he wanted the very groups that had killed health care reform in the past inside the room now. in march, 2009, he brought them all to the white house. >> we kept every one of those but one at the table. >> all of the groups here need to stay involved. >> they all made demands. obama made deals. >> none of these groups are doing this out of the goodness of their heart, they're negotiating, they want to best deal possible. >> he compromised on the thing that was most sacred to him. the individual mandate that every citizen buy health care. the idealistic candidate had become a steely-eyed pragmatacist. >> you get the feeling they're trying to design it for a government takeover. >> but by august recess there was no vote. capitol hill lawmakers went home
to angry constituents. >> the protester came to the town hall with a gun. >> things are getting physical. >> to you, the health care is a big fat no. >> the tea party had found its moment and its cause. republicans began running away from health care, so did many democrats. many white house advisers thought it was time for obama to do the same. >> he turned to phil shallaro, he said what do you think the chances are? he said phil, i'm a black guy named obama obama, i feel lucky every day. >> then a huge loss to the country lit a new fire under the president. >> happening now, ted kennedy dies of brain cancer at the age of 77. >> he realized how important it was to get it done. >> senator kennedy had been
fighting for decades as well. >> may he rest in peace. >> i return to speak to all of you to an issue that is central to that future. the issue of health care. >> obama took the unusual step of going back to congress. >> i still believe we can act. >> but the ugliness of the fight followed him in. >> the reforms i am proposing would not apply to those who are here illegally. >> a republican congressman had called the president a liar. >> i couldn't imagine that happening to another president. >> there was another problem. obama would need 60 democratic senators for a veto-proof majority. and the 60th seat was up for grabs in massachusetts. it had been assumed ted kennedy's seat would go to a democrat. it was after all, massachusetts. but suddenly, a republican named scott brown was surging.
>> i thank the people of massachusetts for electing me. >> that was the death nell for health care, because he was the 60th vote. >> a year of his presidency was gone, and barack obama was looking at a possible defeat. >> there are people who felt that if obama had been more of a schmoozer, that somebody like you, with two parties -- >> we're just a game away from singing. >> desperate, obama changed gears. >> i take my share of the blame for not explaining it clearly to the american people. >> then, he barn-stormed for the bill in america and congress. >> i may not be the first person to take up health care, i'm determined to be the last. >> and he made more concessions, giving up the public option which would have created a
government insurance program that would have competed with private companies. >> we ended up having to wrestle this thing to the ground in a way that was less than ideal from my perspective. >> finally, march 21, 2010. >> on this vote, the yes, 219, no's, 212. the motion to concur in the senate amendment is adopted. >> for decades they have been trying to do it. it has now been done. >> without a single republican vote the bill passed. the white house celebrated. >> i asked the president how does this night compare to election night? and he said there was no comparison. election night was all about getting to tonight. this was why we worked so hard. >> days later when president obama arrived in the east room to sign the bill into law, vice president joe biden summed up the moment. and a big bet that paid off. of course the repubcans vowed to keep fighting. >> we are resolved to have this
law go away. and we're going to do everything we can to stop it. >> the fight against barack obama has gone on ever since, and there is no question that the program has real promises, from broken promises, to soaring premiums. >> obamacare premium ups will rise an average 22% next year. >> but millions have health care now. can it survive? >> i think that president obama should apologize for obamacare. >> but for now, the foundational idea that every american has the right to basic health care stands as barack obama's signature achievement. >> the big question is, at the end of somebody's presidency, do people feel that their lives were better. there is a certain sense in which having accomplished something presidents before you tried to get and is a fundamental right for americans, that is a big thing.
>> this is shismarief, alaska, and about as far west as you can go in the continental united states. >> about 50 years ago, the people in this hunting village noticed something odd. >> barack obama spoke about the town in his first major speech about climate change in 2006 as a young senator. >> ice that had surrounded and protected their village began to grow slushy and weak. >> obama had read about the troubles of shishmaref in a new york article. soon, the village itself began
to disappear. chunks of land sheared away, and the storms grew stronger and stronger. >> the story that appears is by no means isolated, nor is it over. >> obama saw in shishmaref a frightening future if the climate continued to change. >> if you think of us being in a car where we speed towards a cliff we're starting to tap on the brakes. if we do what we need to do over the next 20 to 40 years, then it's a manageable problem. if we don't, it will not be. >> he came to the white house committed to stopping the car from going over the cliff. >> i do solemnly swear. >> and laid out a bold agenda to do just that. >> now america has arrived at a
crossroads. >> his stimulus bill included lots of money for clean energy. van jones was the white house's green jobs guru. >> it's impossible to overstate how important climate change was to the agenda the first year. >> but it was soon stopped by a recalcitrant congress. by a chorus of climate change denials. and by the fact that americans just did not care about climate change. it was ranked the 11th most important issue during the 2008 election. out of 12 options. so the president decided to fight climate change on his own. in december of 2009, at a
climate conference in copenhagen, obama displayed his determination to face this issue on the global stage. as hillary clinton later explained in a democratic primary debate. >> president obama and i were hunting for the chinese. >> she and president obama found themselves chasing beijing's delegation at that conference. why? >> we knew we had to get them to agree to something. because there will be no effective efforts against climate change, unless china and india join with the rest of the world. >> when the american delegation found out about a secret meeting between china, india and other developing nations, they sent out a search party, found the meeting and the president and secretary of state crashed it.
>> it is up to you. >> what do you think? >> are you ready for me -- >> this is a joint meeting. my guys get in, or we're leaving the meeting. >> it may have been undiplomatic. but according to clinton, it led to a breakthrough. she says the deal forged in that room put them on the road to future progress. back at home, though, there was little progress on climate. so as the first term turned into the second, obama tasked his team with getting america on the right track in the face of a once again hostile congress. >> president obama, from the
very beginning, had the power to do something about climate change. he didn't want to do it. i want to work through congress. >> mr. speaker. the president of the united states. >> obama put the legislative branch on warning in his 2013 state of the union. >> but if congress won't act soon to protect future generations, i will. >> congress did not act. >> clean air, clean water. >> obama did. in the summer of 2015. >> there is such a thing as being too late when it comes to climate change. >> obama took aim at one of the key causes of climate change. >> right now our power plants are the source of about a third of america's carbon pollution. that is more pollution than our cars, our airplanes and our homes generate combined. >> the president's clean power plant would set new limits for
the first time on how much smoke those plants could spew. and forget congress, this was a unilateral executive action. the audience at obama's announcement may have applauded, but from other quarters. >> fight those who believe. >> the reaction was anger. >> our nation's coal miners supply affordable, reliable electricity that continues to power america. >> and the anger was not contained to coal. president obama's old law school mentor, lawrence tribe, who it must be said was representing a coal company had compared obama's tactics on climate change to nothing less than. >> burning the constitution of the united states. >> those who would argue that any actions that i have taken have been contrary to my legal powers are wrong.
and we've taken it really seriously and i make no apologies for it. >> despite the president's confidence, the clean power plan has not gone into effect. more than two dozen states sued to stop it. the supreme court ordered the implementation delayed until the appeals play themselves out. and now, president-elect trump has vowed to rescind it. but what will he do with obama's signature climate achievement, the paris agreement? in december of 2015, in the city of light, 196 nations agreed by consensus to limit the planet's warming by two degrees, that is an implemention they agree will
make change. and american is undoubtedly a leader perhaps the leader on climate change. clean energy is vast and growing american industry. and more than 100 countries have signed onto the paris agreement, which went into legal effect just four days before the 2016 presidential election. >> if 20, 30, 50 years from now we look back and we say we dealt with this in a serious way, i'll be happy to say that that was one of my proudest achievements, even though i didn't do it by myself. >> as for shishmaref, the alaskan island that was disappearing a decade ago, the world's actions appear to have come too late. in august of 2016, the villagers voted to leave the ravaged
island and move to the mainland. but will others be saved by the progress made under president obama? maybe not. because president-elect trump has said he believes climate change is a hoax. he has vowed to bring back the coal mines and to cancel u.s. participation in the paris agreement agreement. i'm val. the orange money retirement squirrel from voya. i represent the money you save for the future. see? we're putting away acorns to show the importance of being organized. that's smart. who's he? he's the green money you can spend now. what's up? oh you know, gonna pay some bills, maybe buy a new tennis racket. tennis racket for a squirrel? he's got a killer backhand. when it's time to get organized for retirement, it's time to get voya. that's your underwearstrong, dude.cleaner. so clean...keeps you could wear them a second day.
charmin ultra strong. it's 4 times stronger, and you can use less enjoy the go with charmin. but when we brought our daughter home, that was it. now i have nicoderm cq. the nicoderm cq patch with unique extended release technology helps prevent your urge to smoke all day. it's the best thing that ever happened to me. every great why needs a great how.
good evening, and welcome, and thank you very much. >> it was the answer heard around the world. >> i want -- >> then senator obama had been thrown an unexpected question from an ordinary american. >> this is the cnn youtube debate. >> would he meet without pre conditions with the leaders of iran, syria, venezuela, cuba and north korea? >> i would, and the reason is this. that the notion that somehow not talking to countries is punishment to them, which has been the guiding diplomatic principle of this administration is ridiculous. >> thank you, good night. >> viewed today, the statement may not seem extraordinary. but in 2007, it was practically revolutionary to say that an american president would speak to strongmen like iran's leader.
and north korea's kim. >> constitute evil. >> hillary in obama's argument on stage that night. and the reviews were pretty unanimous. obama's answer was naive. >> are you kidding me? those are the last people i would meet with in my first year. i would never meet with those guys. >> but obama strategist david axelrod said that the future president was adamant on a phone call with staff. obama told them? >> we're not backing off at all. >> i actually think that was the moment where he found his voice in that campaign. because he realized that he was bringing a point of view that nobody else was going to bring. >> that voice continued when he
was inaugurated. >> we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist. >> iran in 2009 was a nation with a very tightly clenched fist. >> this is a country that had been hostile towards us, and we had been hostile towards for decades. >> but after just two months in office, obama decided to try something new on this old enemy. >> today i want to extend my very best wishes to all celebrating around the world. >> it is the new year for them. >> for nearly 30 years, our relationship has been strained. but on this holiday we are reminded of the common holiday that binds us together. >> veteran news reporter robin wright was in iran when the message was delivered. >> it was electrifying for
people who believed that maybe americans were really serious about a dialogue. >> those hopes for a dialogue became fears about a confrontation just six months later. >> good morning. >> obama, along with francis sarkozy, uncovered a secret. >> iran has been building a covert uranium enrichment facility for several years. >> this was one of those gotcha moments. and it was a worrying sign because it indicated iran had a much more advanced program. >> the crisis had an upside. it brought the world's most powerful nations together. the united states, germany, the united kingdom, france, and china and russia were now all determined to stop iran from
getting a nuclear weapon. there were fits and starts, talks and negotiations but little progress to show until 2013. an auspicious year, the year the team would crack the politics came together. it was the year that president obama was inaugurated for the second time. john kerry, a vietnam war vet, and advocate of diplomacy took office as the new secretary of state. it was the year that the relatively moderate rouhani was named president of iran. and named kerry's counterpart. >> the credentials, the personal history of these four men was pivotal in pulling it off. it was doubtful that if any of
the four would have pulled it off that we would have gotten to this point. >> the importance of that chemistry began in 2013. it was the annual meeting of leaders in new york. secretary of state john kerry. >> the united states and iran had not had their secretaries of state or foreign ministers talk in decades. >> but that was soon to change. >> we'll bring you in, we'll bring you in. >> after a multi-lateral meeting, where kerry and zarif sat next to each other, thewo diplomats wento another room where it was supposed to beust a meet and greet. it turned into much more. >> the little room on the side of the security council, no windows, you know -- just the two of us. and a very small space. i think taking stock of each other and of the situation.
negotiations that followed, there were disbelievers about the deal. >> such a deal paves iran's path to the bomb. >> at home in the united states -- >> i just don't understand why we'd sign an agreement with a group of people that who in my opinion, have no intention of keeping their word. >> and in iran. >> even the negotiators themselves weren't sure that they could get to the finish line. >> are you optimistic you'll reach an agreement? >> well, i think it's fair to say that we're hopeful. >> there was one moment when i visited with my counterpart, and i just asked him point blank. i said are you sure you guys really want to get this done because i'm not sure that you do. based on where we are. >> but in the end, both sides did want to get it done. and on july 14th, 2015, a deal
was struck. >> this moment has been a long time coming. and we have worked very hard to get here. >> that hard work almost didn't pay off. congress tried to block the deal. >> order please. >> in the end, the opposition failed. and in january 2016, the nuclear agreement with iran went into effect. >> what we're able to accomplish has been remarkable. and even our most severe critics cannot argue with the fact that without launching a bomb, without initiating a war, we've been able to remove an enormous threat. >> but now, it is all in jeopardy. >> the nuclear deal is a disaster. >> will donald trump rip up the deal? national security adviser susan rice says that would be a terrible idea. >> to scrap it when it's working
would put us outside of the bounds of what is an international agreement. so it's a win-win for iran. our allies and partners are furious at the united states and their nuclear program can proceed unabated. it doesn't serve our interest. next up -- my thoughts on the legacy of barack obama. i need to promote my new busi can make that happen.et. business cards? business cards, brochures, banners... pens? pens, magnets, luggage tags, bumper stickers. how about foam fingers? like these? now, get 15% off making your company stand out. staples. make more happen. so we know how to cover almost almoanything.hing, even a rodent ride-along. [dad] alright, buddy, don't forget anything! [kid] i won't, dad...
[captain rod] happy tuesday morning! captain rod here. it's pretty hairy out on the interstate.traffic is literally crawling, but there is some movement on the eastside overpass. getting word of another collision. [burke] it happened. december 14th, 2015. and we covered it. talk to farmers. we know a thing or two because we've seen a thing or two. ♪ we are farmers. bum-pa-dum, bum-bum-bum-bum ♪
group of america's most distinguished presidential historians to dinner at the white house. he was searching for ideas, examples and lessons from his predecessors. as the conversation progressed, "time" reported it became clear to several in the room that obama was most interested in the accomplishments of ronald reagan. reagan on first glance was an unlikely role model, an arch conservative actor turned politician who was better known for his anecdotes and humor than analysis and intellect. but reagan had been a transformational president. >> go forward, america, and reach for the stars. >> someone who, as he said while campaigning in 2008, had changed the trajectory of america in a way that richard nixon did not and in a way that bill clinton did not. clearly that was obama's aspiration as well. to change the trajectory of america. did he? if i'd been taking stock in
mid-2016, the case would have been overwhelming. >> the bill is passed. >> the obama administration passed new universal health care. it fundamentally reshaped america's energy policy. to combat climate change and fuel a green energy revolution. it enacted the largest reorganization of the financial industry since the great depression. most of this happened in the first 18 months. but, of course, all that is in jeopardy. donald trump has vowed to erase the obama presidency. some of it he can't easily erase. some parts may remain more indelible. 22 million people are on obamacare. clean energy is a huge american industry with millions of jobs. >> we must come together as nations. >> obama's foreign policy focused on diplomatic solutions weary of military interventions and nation building. reflects the mood of the country. but on the whole, many of his
policies will be under pressure and could be rolled back entirely. how did this happen? when looking back at presidents like johnson or fdr, it's clear that to sustain a long legacy, you need not just to get elected president but to form a political coalition. johnson and roosevelt had congressional majorities that lasted. obama is an intensely charismatic politician but he was not able to build a political base underneath him. during his eight years, the democratic party has suffered an historic series of defeats at the state and national levels. putting them in the worst position they've been in since the 1920s. was that obama's failure? a lack of political skill? perhaps. though it is equally likely that the currents were stronger than any one person could shift. in recent years, america has gone through enormous economic, technological, political and cultural change. and in some parts of the country there has been a backlash to that change.
and to an african-american president. in that interview about reagan, obama noted that reagan put us on a fundamentally different path because the country was ready for it. it remains unclear whether the country was ready for obama's vision. the most dramatic bet he made was health care. he spent the first few years of his presidency and all his political capital on passing it. and i would argue that even if trump finds a way to repeal and replace it, it remains an historic achievement. obama did what seven presidents failed to do. he made health care a fundamental right. it is the signature achievement of a consequential president. but presidential legacies also exist above and beyond laws and policies. we remember john f. kennedy for the energy, vitality, elegance and intelligence that he brought to the white house. and in that sense, obama has left an indelible mark. he and his family occupied the
white house with dignity, grace and good humor. he ran an administration that was largely scandal-free. and he did it all the while under a microscope because he looked different. in a sense, america made a big bet in electing barack obama as its first african-american president. and with respect to his personal character and intellect, most of the country believes it was a bet that paid off. i'm fareed zakaria. thanks for joining us.