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tv   The Legacy of Barack Obama  CNN  January 2, 2017 6:00pm-8:01pm PST

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-- captions by vitac -- good evening. digital fingerprints that officials say may make their hacking case against russia even stronger. mr. trump says he knows theming that the public doesn't know. what's the latest evidence that has investigators once again pointing to the russians? >> reporter: there is newly identified digital fingerprints, anderson, that is pointing the finger once again to moscow. according to intelligence officials we've been speaking with, they've been able to tie the attacks to keyboards with cyrillic texts. they believe that these keyboard the made up the malware code
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that was used in the russian hacks, as one official said, though, this is just one piece of evidence in the overall puzzle. there are many factors at play leading the u.s. intelligence agency to point the finger at russia. >> but trump has a different view. >> he continues to cast doubt on russia's involvement including this past weekend. he said part of the reason he is skeptical is the failed intelligence leading up to the iraq war. he say ts what others don't kno which is true because he receives periodic intelligence briefings. he said he would come out with more information. his spokesperson, shawn spicer sort of walked that back and said he wasn't going to release new information but raise some of the questions. and he did say cyberattacks are tough to prove, which is true,
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but in this case you have a consensus in the intelligence community blaming russia. >> do we have any idea what type of intelligence the president-elect has? >> we know he's received briefings frommis h ihis own ad. he's going to receive a specific briefing from leaders in the intelligence community soon. we don't exactly know when, but what's interesting here is that one of his advisers, james woolsly said on our air today, contradicting trump, saying that he, himself, believes that russia is involved in the hack. so it's still unclear why, exactly, trump is reluctant to go on board with the u.s. intelligence committee. community. >> thanks. donald trump over the weekend proppising to reveal what he knows shortly. that's not the first time he's made a statement like that. >> reporter: donald trump has suggested many times he'll make his tax returns public.
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he hinted he'd do it in 2011. >> maybe i'll do the tax returns when obama does his birth certificate. >> reporter: he promised he'd to it in 2014. >> if i decide to run for office, i'll release my tax returns. let her release her e-mails and i'll release my tax returns immediately. >> reporter: but it has never happened. the whole trump team repeatedly hiding behind a tax claim. >> i'm being audited now for two or three years, so i can't do it until the audit is finished, obviously, and i think people would understand that. >> reporter: another promise in limbo. the president-elect has pledged to explain how he'll step free of his private business interests. in late november, a spokesperson said trump would talk to reporters. >> he's just got action-packed days filled with meetings. >> reporter: but soon turned into nine days without a word.
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then a tweet from the president-elect pushed it two more weeks down the line. i will be holding a major news conference in new york city with my children on december 15th to discuss the fact that i will be leaving my great business in total. and that did not happen either. now team trump is promising the elusive explanation will come this month, but they have not released details or a date. >> liein' ted. >> reporter: he mthreatened to sue ted cruz for not being a natural born u.s. citizen and he hinted the president's birth certificate, even after it was produced was a fraud. saying he'd sent a team of his own investigators to hawaii and would publicly release what they had found. yet he came up with no credible proof for any of that and finally acknowledged that obama
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was born no the u.s. >> a good man. long time. we've been friends for a long time. >> reporter: and now despite promises of a widely-open transparent administration, he is largely limiting his statements to passing words and photo ops, tweets, a few interviews and his own rallies. >> thank you very much. >> reporter: of course many of his fans love the way he says what he wishes and shoves the critics aside. but pretty soon the promises he made directly to those voters will also be on the line. and his follow through could matter a whole lot more. >> tom, thank you very much. kellyanne conway will be one of the people helping with this follow through as tom calls it. we spoke with her earlier tonight. do you think, does donald trump, once he becomes president, intend to reverse some of the actions that president obama has taken just in these last couple days toward russian personnel
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being persona non confer on a basis. we're not going to talk about those policies now, because we're reminded every day that there's one president at a time. so we'll respect that, but i think president-elect trump has made very clear what his position is on this generally and what his position is on this specifically as goes these allegations, and, again, he is very happy, and immediately jumped on the opportunity to receive the intelligence briefing here at trump tower. i was there when that was being discussed last week in palm bocboc beach, and we'll see how that goes. >> has he talked about going to meet vladimir putin or having putin come here to meet him? clearly they seem to be trying to reset a relationship in
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different way than the previous administration had, and maybe reset is a bad term to use, s b is that something that the president would like to do? meet putin face-to-face? >> there is an interest in renewing relations. i like the word reset, because it reminds us of the "russian reset." the future presidential candidate. and we will of course join with different countries that want to help in an important goal such as stopping isis. in terms of who's inviting whom to their country, we're loathe to answer that. with the exception of one foreign leader, that since the president, one or two foreign leaders since president-elect
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trump was elected on november 8, he and vice president pence have talked with them on the phone. he has not met with them to show respect for the fact that we have a president in the office right now. >> he gave a speech to guests in mar-a-lago. i want to play something from that speech. >> from the most beautiful people from dubai are here it tonight. >> that was apparently a reference to his billionaire business partner in dubai. can you confirm that that's who he was speaking about? if it is, it's raised questions about, he's obviously turning his businesses over to his adult sons, because he felt it was advi visually important as president not to have a conflict of interest, some people wonder whether having a party with the
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business partner from dubai a few weeks from inauguration separating yourself? >> i find that to be -- this man is allowed to have a holiday with his business partners. i had dinner with the hussains one night. mr. hussain and his wife, absolutely lovely people. the idea that he's giving a speech recognizing his friend and beautiful wife, people are going to twist that around to somehow it's a business favor. we've got to get ahold of ourselves here, that this man can't be at a social event. if you took that example to its extreme nobody would be able to be friends with anybody else. and so i saw you on new year's eve having a great time with kathy griffin. i find that to be entertaining, and i'll leave it at that. do you endorse the maker of the shirt she had on? let's not take things to the extreme. i think donald trump said it best on the on the record
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interview with the "new york times" on november 21st and 22nd, he said if it were up to some people he would never talk to his children again. he's going to be 100% committed to his job as president of these great united states and still have a relationship with his children. same thing with -- >> and just following up with the same topic. the press conference that president-elect trump had talked about having regarding his business ties, any idea when that's going to be? it was already rescheduled. >> i believe it was resked ued for january 11, originally, and if the lawyers and compliance officers feel we're ready we'll stick to that date. it's really up to them. i spoke to the president-elect today about press conference, that's the current plan. next week. >> i want to be clear about the information about the hacks. he says you'll find out on tuesday or wednesday. had he actually announce what the information is tuesday or wednesday as he said he would,
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after being briefed? >> he didn't say, he didn't necessarily say he'd announce it. what he's saying is that we'll find out, he'll find out. i think it's all very contingent on what these intelligence officials reveal in their briefing, anderson, and everybody should be very happy that the president-elect is open to receiving that briefing. >> he said you'll find out, that wasn't necessary lit publily th will find out. >> it could come in a tweet. it do come in a press conference, in a statement. this is donald trump, he's going to communicate people with the way he always has. >> it could come in an interview on this broadcast. >> it could, i recommend it. i had a great time, ander sson. >> not holding my breath on that one. still ahead, what about chicago's murder epidemic, and
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legalzoom's network of attorneys can help you every step of the way so you can focus on what you do. we'll handle the legal stuff that comes up along the way. legalzoom. legal help is here. talking tonight about new evidence tonight that intelligence officials say they have tying russians to hillary clinton's e-mail. and over the weekend, iraq and wmd was cited as a reason for skepticism this time. joining us, bob baer. mike, cnn's reporting that the u.s. intelligence officials have identified digital fingerprints,
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fingerprints pointing to the russian government, yet president-elect trump says the hacking could be somebody else. is it possible trump knows something that president obama and the entire intelligence community and members of congress who get intelligence briefings don't know? . >> i think this is really a question of domestic politics than it is any kind of assertion of russia. this claim of russian hacking are taking place within a very specific context, suggesting that somehow the trump election wasn't legitimate. and i think the easiest way for him to just avoid that whole discussion and shove it aside is to say that hoolook, we don't really know what happened. the other thing is he doesn't want to be boxed in, in his relations with putin by president obama. he wants to engage with putin in his own team atime and in his o. >> what do you think about this?
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>> i think it's going to continue to complicate his initial relationship with the intelligence community. i minean, look, there are a thlf officials. this is a little different. not only does he cast aspersions on the agencies themselves but on the issue of russian hacking, he says look, i doubt what you're telling me and does a virtual high-five with putin saying good job with how you've handled this situation. that's going to stink. >> and bob, james woolsly said earlier today he does believe that the russians hacked, but it doesn't mean other people weren't hacking as well. is that a real possibility, that it wasn't solely the russians? >> anderson, i think it's case closed here. it's kgb code.
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the whole question reuse, have they used this code in the past to hack, yes, in the ukraine. and you've also got the meta data. this is as good as it gets. this is clearly a russian hack, yes, somebody else could have stolen the code, or they could have given it away, but there's too many factors in this to leave any doubt, it was russian intelligence who got into the dnc and hillary's computers. there's no way he can deny this. en and i think this administration's going to make that very clear. >> we heard from kellyanne conway that trump is going to be getting an intelligence briefing in trump tower. the fact that he has addressed intelligence on russian involvement, do you see him being open to what intelligence officials are going to tell him in that briefing, or as you said, he doesn't want to box himself into a corner in future dealings with putin? >> i think he really wants to
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play the clock out until he's in place and he has his own team, mike pompeo at cia to run that biddin building and he can start carrying out the policies he wants to cary out. right now nahe's in an awkward position about making statements with relations with russia when he doesn't actually have any of the tools of power at his hand. president obama keeps telling us, there's only one president at a time, and yet everyone is turning to donald trump to see what he thinks should be done about this. >> bob, when you have a president-elect coming in who has expressed skepticism about certainly past assessments by the intelligence community, what kind of an impact do you think that has for once he becomes president and his relationships with the intelligence community? >> well, i think it's debilitating, anderson. anything he does with russia is going to be looked through the
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lens of this hacking and did the russians help him? did the russians tip the election? there are a lot of people who don't like trump who are calling him, you know, a russian proxy of some sort or too close to putin or whatever, or putin's choice. it's going to hurt him in anything he does, and even tillerson, if he gets in, the fact that if he's secretary of state and he has financial ties to russian oil, which means putin, the whole administration, this is going to be a cloud over them for a very, very long time. i don't see any way out of it. >> steve, is it possible that by doubting russia's involved you're encouraging future hacking by raising questions and saying it's a really hard thing to figure out and computers are inherently unsafe? >> i'm not sure that it necessarily discourages future hacking. what has happened is in terms of
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the encouraging and discouraging things. president-elect has encouraged russia to continue to invest in him, which i think is exactly what putin is doing at this particular point. i certainly don't think it will stop the russians from doing any additional hacking. whether or not there are other hackers out there, one thing i can say, in terms of making a distinction of hacking between a 400-pound guy in his basement somewhere, that's very, very different from a state actor like russia harking. it's different like watching peewee and of college football. >> you can actually tell, that it is possible to figure out identity, not just, well, it's a tricky thing. >> i think the vectors are pointing toward russia. we'll never know for sure, but let's assume it is. but look, president obama, for the last eight years has had a
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policy of appeasing russia. we had edward snowden and his very, very close relations with russian intelligence, and obama never took any steps against russia until, until "the 11th hour," until three weeks before he leaves office, and then what do we do. he expelled 35 diplomats, which is nothing. so if donald trump is inheriting a policy of appeasing russia, that's obama's policy and he's put us in this position. >> president-elect trump spent the last year making clear on his tooattitude on russia.
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well, the breaking news tonight, u.s. intelligence officials say new digital fingerprints point to the russians. president-elect trump is skeptical at best to russian involvement and continues to praise and offer olive branches to president putin. we're going to talk about that tonight with fareed zakaria. >> this embrace by trump of putin and putin of trump, do you think this is a short-lived bromance? >> theis is a third attempt to o a reset.
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the reason resets have failed and why this one will have some trouble is russia is in a very different place than many people realize. russia is playing the role of a kind of spoiler in the international system. it's been doing it in europe, interferes in elections, trying to weaken the liberal didn't dec order itself. and it's a difficult position to see how america find the common interest with a country that is systematically trying to undermine america's greatest achievements in the last 70 years. >> under the sanctions, russia has decided not to retaliate for the sanctions that the obama administration hit them with. is that solely about wanting to wait out the end of the obama term and just start with a fresh slate with trump? >> i think it's in a sense a kind of preemptive concession to trump or a gesture of goodwill. putin also likes to surprise,
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and he does this quite well. he's very nimble and thoughtful in this way, you know, the whole strategy in europe has been this kind of black art of cyber warfare, black ops, not traditional uses of power. even in the united states, what he did was very inventive, very ingenious, so he's always trying to do something unusual. >> the "new york times" last week, one of the articles said russia was an enemy on friday morning a friend by the afternoon. can you ever remember a time when there were these mixed messages of this magnitude? >> i don't think i've ever seen something like this where an outgoing administration has identified serious national security problems with a country, as i said these have now gone on for two administrations. and the incoming administration is signaling something quite different. what's even more unusual about
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it is it is really just the president, because jim mattis, the incoming secretary of defense seems to have a different view and a tough view on russia. rex tillerson, we don't know. certainly, as the head ever exxon, he did deals with russia, but we don't know what his personal views are as secretary of state of the united states. the national security adviser has been a hawk but has some pro-russia links, and the entire bureaucracy has been wary of russia, partly, again, because they've been burned trying to trust russia. >> trump just tweeted this out about china. china has been taking out massive amounts of money and wealth from the u.s. in totally one-sided trade but won't help with north korea, nice. >> he wants to be very a
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accommodating to russia and not with china. whether you look at peacekeeping, the u.n., you know, a whole variety of things, global warning, they have been getting more and more responsible over time. russia has been less and less responsible and more of a poilepoil -- spoiler, and in a sense, it's explained for the last 25 years. china has grown in wealth, power and status in this western order. they want to be more important, but they don't want to reckon. for russia, as putin has often said, it has been a disaster, he described the collapse of the soviet union as the greatest geopolitical of catastrophe. it has placed it in a subordinate position. so they're the guys who see the last 25 years as being all about loss, and they're trying in some way wreck the system.
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and i get why russians might see that world that way. why an american president would endorse that view is a puzzle. >> thank you. you can watch fareed's excellent documentary the legacy of barack obama coming up in the next hour. h ] shh. i have a cold with this annoying runny nose. better take something. dayquil liquid gels doesn't treat a runny nose. it doesn't? alka-seltzer plus cold and cough liquid gels fight your worst cold symptoms including your runny nose. oh, what a relief it is! i discovered a woman my family tree, named marianne gaspard. i became curious where in africa she was from. so i took the ancestry dna test to find out more about my african roots. ancestry really helped me fill in a lot of details. isjust wanna see ifa again? my score changed... you wanna check yours? scores don't change that much. i haven't changed. oh, really? ♪ it's girls' night
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president-elect donald trump has vowed to serve a vacancy on the supreme court with a justice who is as conservative as antonin scalia. there are more than 100 vacancies in the nation's appeals and district courts waiting to be filled, justice pamela brown joins us. how many will he have to fill? >> reporter: as of now there are 103 vacancies and 38 judicial emergencies. so donald trump really has a unique opportunity here to change the face of the courts, not just with the supreme court but the lower court with these abortion rights and gun control and transgender rights. 103 is an unusually high number of vacancies. you look at president obama when he entered office, he only had
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59 vacancies, anderson. >> can you can explain why there are so many? >> one reason is judicial warfare, that friction between president obama and republicans. in the end, president obama appointed more than 300 judges. of course it's a different situation with trump. congress is on his side with majorities in republicans in the house and senate. and don't underestimate the power of one judge, as you'll recall with president obama's immigration plan, it was a district judge in texas that blocked it, it went to the supreme court and is still blocked to this day. >> are thank you, pamela. jo joining me now, jeffrey obin. how important are filling these vehic vacancies?
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>> it's enormously important in terms of what they to, but even more important for how long they serve. because all of these judges, under the constitution serve for life. so there are still many judges who were appointed by ronald reagan, anthony kennedy on the supreme court is still there, appointed in 1987. so this is a tauopportunity for president to extend his legacy decades after he leaves office. >> he will be able to shape the courts in a way president obama wasn't. >> he will. he controls the senate through his party. so these vacancies will be filled, which is good news for many judges, who are desperate to have colleagues. and i do think it's important to remember that these lower court judges are subject to the rules of precedent, so they don't have as much leeway as someone on the supreme court. and there's a desperate need to fill these slots. there's a very high number. and because of that, a lot of
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these courts are really suffering. i talk to federal judges all the time at judicial conferences, and it's in every single circuit. judges are saying they desper e desperately need these to be filled. >> it's worth pointing out precisely why there are all these vacancies. you touched on it a little bit with pam. but mitch mcconnell simply decided he was not going to confirm judges in anywhere near the numbers that had been done. most notoriously, he had refused to hold hearing on meric garland for the supreme court. this is intentional on the part of mech mcconnell. >> i think there's a tendency to paraphrase richard iii to remember your friends as better than they are and foes worse than they are.
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in the end, president obama has 329 confirmed judges. that's actually three more than bush had in his two terms. now jeffrey is absolutely right. there has been a virtual stoppage, but that is by no means unique in washington. it was much more successful in this case, but the politics, unfortunately, is the same. >> i think that is not, this is an order of magnitude different. there was something called the thurman rule, named after strom thurman where judicial confirmations would stop the summer of a presidential election, and that has been the case. but this was two years. two years of no confirmations. and that was without precedent. and that's why there are double the number of vacancies for trump than there were for obama. >> you should also keep in mind that in the context of this. >> this was a president that violated the recess appointment clause. it was absolute warfare in terms
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of presidential power versus congressional power on a dozen different fronts. so a lot of stuff stopped because of those conflicts. >> in terms of the supreme court, jeff, which is probably obviously foremost in people's minds, is there a clear er sens of who trump may look to? >> he's done something unusual and i think positive, he has announced the group of people from which he will choose his candidates. so we know, unless he violates what he said, that he is going to choose from the 20 that he's named. all of them are very conservative. certainly the republicans i talk to say the most likely are an appeals court judge in alabama, gosh, i'm blanking on his name. >> pryor? >> yes, judge pryor on the 11th circuit and diane sykes from chicago. both of them very conservative,
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likely to oppose roe v. wade. but i think the likely votes of any of the 20 would be very similar to justice scalia. >> it's always great to have you. thank you. coming up, it's the kind of record no city wants to break. 2016 was the deadliest in nearly two decades in chicago. what the city can do about it, next. my shop, but my back pain was making it hard to sleep and open up on time. then i found aleve pm. the only one to combine a safe sleep aid plus the 12 hour pain relieving strength of aleve. now i'm back. aleve pm for a better am.
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new numbers from the chicago police department tell a very grim story. 2016 was the deadliest year. in parts of chicago, gun violence is a sad fact of life, affecting everyone, including the youngest residents. >> when i hear, i know it wasn't firecrackers. that's why i know it was like gun shots. >> reporter: e-tyra was sitting on her grandpa's lap when all hell broke loose this summer. the 10-year-old says her dad used his body to shield her from the flying bullets. >> i heard a lot a lot of bone,
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i saw all the blood on his shirt. i thought i wouldn't see him again. >> reporter: her downstairs neighbor was playing video games by a window. >> when i heard the gun shots, i got on the floor. my mom grabbed me. she put me in the room. so to hide me. >> reporter: etyra and devon were lucky to survive the hail of bullet, but so many are not. one child is killed in chicago every week on average. that's a figure that's been true for the past quarter century. why is chicago so deadly? >> officers are under attack. >> reporter: in an interview with 60 minutes, former police superintendent garry mccarthy says chicago cops are not actively policing out of putting themselves and their families in jeopardy. >> police are on their heels
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from an um number of reasons. we're reaching a state of lawlessness. >> reporter: of the 762 murders in 2016, most are happening in five districts on the south and west side of the city where rival gangs fight each other for territory police say. to curb the violence, more officers are being hired and gunshot detection technology is being purchased, but until the killings stop -- >> i fofeel scared in chicago. >> reporter: the most likely places to get shot are the street or the home. >> i feel sad and scared. i don't want to be shot. >> do they think things can be turned around? >> reporter: you know, anderson, people find hope in the little thin that they can do t keep themselves safe.
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let me explain, i talked to a lot of people sitting on their front porches. if you looked around, you could see bullet holes all around them. and they looked at me and said we have to find hope somewhere, and we can't wait for the government to fix this problem. what do they do? mothers teach their children how to dodge bullets. let he repeat that so we can process th. in the united states of america, some mothers teach their children how to duck and dodge bullets in order for them to be safe in these communities. a grandmother who patrols her street to make sure it's safe for her grandchildren to go out and play, so, again, people are finding hope in some of these communities, and what they can do to keep themselves and their children safe. >> ruth flores, thank you. lots to discuss, cnn commentator, david axelrod. david, you lived in chicago for
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decades. you know this city. it's your home, 762 murders in 2016. more than los angeles and new york city combined. what is behind these numbers? >> well, one thing that's behind them for sure is there's been a real slowdown of police action since the shooting of laquan mcdonald erupted as an issue in chicago. that was the young man who was shot as he was walking away from police 16 times by a police officer who's since been indicted for murder. but all of the ramifications and reverberations from that have left the police department demoralized, and really standing down in many interactions. arrests are down, stops are way down, because police officers don't want to become engaged. that's certainly part of the story the other part of the story is a hong history of gang and drug activity in some of the
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neighborhoods of chicago that have basically been stripped of all economic activity. you've got a lot of young men, 18-25 who have very little to do but go out there and work for these gangs or with these gangs, and a lot of the influx of guns into the city has been a long-standing problem. many come from indiana, but not exclusively. so you've got a perfect storm of problems that have confronted the city. >> this was happening in a whit perfect storm. >> this is happening in a white suburb, there would be more national outrage. chicago is president obama's adopted hometown. why do you think it wasn't a priority for him. could he have done more? should he have done more? >> i think that -- i'm sure he wanted to do more. and i'm sure he will d more
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once he's out of office. this issue of youth violence was always one of great concern to him, but these problems are deeply ingrained. they require huge infusions of resources and attention. and when the president took office. he took office in a time of enormous economic crisis. it wast the optimal time to makehose kinds of investments many there are investments in education, in health care and some of these other priorities were helpful to the community. they're not nearly enough. >> david axelrod, thanks. quick break, when we come back, to make you smile, the end of the long night. the first ridiculist of 2017.
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that i was ion the icelandic game show.
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and everyone knows me for discounts, like safe driver and paperless billing. but nobody knows the box behind the discounts. oh, it's like my father always told me -- "put that down. that's expensive." of course i save people an average of nearly $600, but who's gonna save me? [ voice breaking ] and that's when i realized... i'm allergic to wasabi. well, i feel better. it's been five minutes. talk about progress. [ chuckles ] okay.
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time now for the ridiculist. we would be remiss if we didn't point out, america was graced with one last moment that was volcanically awkward. it happened on new year's eve, i didn't see it while it was happening, because i had a standing date for kathy griffin to verbally abuse me. as she and i were ringing in the new year, elsewhere in times square, mariah carey performed auld lang syne. if you're allergic to cringing, you may want to avert your eyes, ears and concept of space and time. ♪ ♪ well, happy new year. we can't hear, but i'll just go through the motions.
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okay? ♪ all right. we didn't have a check for this song, we'll just say, it went the to number one and that's what it is. okay. >> i'm no colombo. but i think something may have gone askew. ♪ but i like the way you >> i'm going to let the audience sing, okay? ♪ >> we didn't have a sound check for this new year's baby, that's okay, you guys. >> now, listen, i feel bad for mariah carey, you can't even
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call it a lip syncing problem, there was nothing to sync. and then all of a sudden, there was this. ♪ >> and you just don't get any better. >> okay. i'm really starting to think there may have been some sort of a technical problem. the thing i'm more curious about, is how someone from 2009 got into the crowd. the glasses just say 2009, don't they? if only she would have used her powers to travel into the future to fix the sound. do you think this is going to break the stride of miss mariah carey? absolutely not, she wrote this, [ bleep ] happens. here's to making more headlines
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in 2017. that's the spirit, i think. that's the mariah carey i know and love. i don't actually love her, that's the mariah carey i heard about. it's a perfect way to end one year and start a new one on theory dick u list. the lech ascy of barack obama starts right now. barack obama's america was born with hope, people were crying in the streets. and with crisis. >> fragile financial system. >> financial panic. >> we were hanging on the edge of a cliff. >> health care hysteria. >> why don't they take the health care being forged down throats. mass shootings.
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>> a gunman opens fire. >> a spray of bullets. >> racial violence. >> if i had a son, he would look like trayn. >> this guy is a racist. >> barack obama madeome big bets that paid off. >> welcome home. >> troops came home. gays got married. >> america has lived up to her promise of liberty and justice for all. >> justice has been done. >> millions got health care. ♪ amazing grace >> and sometimes tragedy gave birth to hope. >> that was a profoundly moment. >> but as a new era begins. >> your moment of liberation is at hand. >> what will remain.
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>> the president smiled and said, i'm a black guy named barack and i'm president of the united states. i feel lucky every day. >> what is the legacy of barack obama? he may be the most improbable president in american history. in 2003 he was a state senator from illinois. >> the intent of this bill -- >> an unknown african-american politician named barack hussein obama. he made a big bet he could be elected to the white house. five years later he was. >> deserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> he entered on a wave of hope and promise. he leaves the office in a small club. by the end of his presidency, the country was consumed by a
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wave of protests so strong, it dashed the prospects of his predecessor hillary rodham clinton. and elected his polar opposite. a man who promised to erase the obama presidency. how did it happen. >> to understand that, we have to ask what is the legacy of barack obama. the late publisher of the washington post once said, the journalism is the first rough draft of history. that's what we've tried to put together here. love him or hate him, there's little doubt obama has been one of the most consequential presidents in american history. notice i didn't say successful. time alone can make that judgment. obama sought to affect broad transforming changes in america. he used his power to make some very big bets. what happens to that legacy if those belts are now undone.
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race in america is in the eye of the beholder. we called barack obama our first african-american president because of the color of his skin. but in truth, he is, of course, biracial. born of an african father and a white mother from kansas. >> the first line of your biography will be not something you did, but something you are. >> right. >> and yet you're half white. you were raised by three white people, your mher and two grandparents. >> and an indonesian. >> are you comfortable with this characterization of you? >> i am, actually. and the concept of race in america is not just genetic. otherwise the one drop rule wouldn't have made sense. it's cultural.
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it's this notion of a people who look different than the mainstream, suffering terrible oppression, but somehow being able to make out of that a music and a language and a faith and a patriotism. >> being black meant only the knowledge of your own powerlessness and your own defeat. >> barack obama once felt quite differently about race. >> and the final irony, should you refuse this defeat and lash out at your captors, they would have a name for that too. a name that could cage you just as good. like paranoid or militant. or violent or niger. >> at a reading from his first book, dreams from my father. he told a painful story from his
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childhood, when his grandmother expressed fear of a man at their bus stop. >> she's been bothered by men before. you know why she's so scared this time? i'll tell you why. before you came in, she told me the fellow was black. the earth shook under my feet, ready to crack open at any moment. i stopped trying to steady myself and knew for the first time that i was utterly alone. >> the child is the father of the man. how to reconcile this troubled boy with the man who grew up to be president? >> the fact that his mother was white from kansas, his daddy was black from kean ya. he brings together the opposites in american society and in one body unites them. >> having this unclear
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understanding of where he fit into the american story. i think he somehow was able to tell himself that he might be able to be a person who could bring people together. >> barack obama, 47 years old will become the president-elect of the united states. >> a seismic shift in american politics. >> this is truly an incredible moment of american history. >> november 4th, 2008, a joyous historic moment. >> because of what we did on this day, in this election, at this defining moment, change has come to america. >> we saw what happened, i mean people were crying in the streets. there were people who were crying in the streets who did not vote for him. the idea that a black family would occupy the white house.
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>> there was a reason why people were saying that over and over. >> i barack hussein obama do solemnly square. >> nearly 2 million people packed into washington for the inaugural. >> so help you god? >> so help me god. >> congratulations mr. president. >> to look from the capitol down toward the washington monument and to see just this sea of faces and people had american flags. it was just absolutely extraordinary. >> the president of the united
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states. >> that night barack and michelle obama danced to a song sung by beyonce. the title told a story. ♪ at last my love has come along ♪ >> it seemed like a fairy tale beginning. but at precisely the moment the first couple began swaying on the dance floor, the central crisis of the obama presidency was already taking shape. >> within half a mile of where obama and michelle are dancing, his republican opponents are wining and dining and plotting his defeat. >> 15 of the most powerful republicans in washington made a pact that night. >> out of that meeting, they decide that the only way to win back power is to oppose obama at
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every level. >> that fierce unrelenting opposition would haunt the next eight years, and what began as whispers is now discussed openly. did race play a wall in the brick wall of resistance to barack obama. >> it's indisputable that there was aer if osity to the opposition, and a lack of respect to him that was a function of race. >> i can't name one thing that this congress supported this president on. >> in eight years. >> you have to have an extraordinary explanation for this level of obstruction. >> david axelrod says at least one powerful republican was personally disrespectful to obama. >> said to him, we don't really think you should be here, but the american people thought otherwise. so we're going to have to work with you.
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>> republicans have strongly rejected charges that race played a role in their opposition. >> i like a lot of americans am concerned and disagree with the president's policies and approached from the stimulus spending to this health care strategy. am i a racist because i disagree with that? i don't think so. >> there are people who dislike me because they think i'm a liberal. >> the president doesn't see racism in mainstream opposition to him. he does see it on the fringes. >> there's a rean why attitudes about my presidency among whites in northern state are very different from whites in southern states. >> are there folks who -- whose primary concern about me has been that ieem for the other? are thosempion the birther movement feeding off of bias absolutely. >> the fact is, if he wasn't
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born in this country, he shouldn't be the president of the united states. >> the loudest voice in the birther movement has, of course, now been elected president. >> why doesn't he give his birth certificate. he says he has a birth certificate. so either they don't have one, which is very bad, or there's something on it tha he doesn want people to see. >> the birther movement has roots in racism, there's no question about it. >> i have people that have been studying, and they cannot believe what they're finding. >> you have people now down there searching in hawaii. >> absolutely, and they can't believe what they're finding. >> if he wasn't born in this country, then he has pulled one of the greatest cons in american politics. >> they found nothing. and the white house released obama's long form certificate. finally, the president had says say. >> no one is happier, no one is prouder to put this birth
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certificate matter to rest than the donald. and that's because he can finally get back to focusing on the issues that matter, like did we fake the moon landing? and where are biggie and tupac? >> large numbers of people could accept or believe it. >> the first racial controversy to rock the obama presidency came in july of 2009. >> a professor at harvard university tried to get in his own home in cambridge, mass. and he wound up under arrest. >> henry lewis gates had been trying to open his own front door. >> i don't know, not having been there and not seeing all the facts what role race played in that but i think it's fair to say, number one, any of us would be pretty angry. >> number two, that the
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cambridge police acted stupidly. >> the president of the united states says what anybody in washington would say, it was stupid to arrest one of the most famous professors in the world, in their house, for being in their house. >> there was a very different response on the right. >> this president, i think has exposed himself as a guy over and over and over again. who has a deep seeded hatred for white people or the white culture, i don't know what it is. this guy is, i believe a racist. >> he didn't say anything about the race of the police officer, about the race of the professor. >> obama apologized. >> i could have calibrated those words differently. >> he invited the police officer to the white house for a beer. >> black moral witness falls silent because if the president can't talk about this without
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being sent to the wood shed, to be on equal basis with some random cop, it's over. >> the timing of the arrest is important. >> it was the first time obama had addressed a racial controversy as president. it was also at the height of his health care fight. rage over obama care was turning to race. >> coming to you on a silver platter barack hussein obama. >> can i get an officer to 1960 retreat view circle. >> your name? >> george. >> the violent death of one teenaged boy in florida -- >> not one more. >> put race back front and center. >> trayvon martin was on his way
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home from buying candy when he was shot by a neighborhood watch volunteer. >> zimmerman is not a racist. trayvon martin would be alive today if he wasn't wearing thug wear. >> the president's response was personal. >> when i think about this boy, i think about my own kids. you know, if i had a son, he would look like trayvon. >> within months, case after case began to make headlines. young black men dying at the hands of law enforcement. >> don't shoot him. don't shoot him. >> the details were often disput disputed. but the rage was clear. >> shut it down.
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>> african-americans did battle with the police. >> we have to fight back. and a new civil rights group, black lives matter, quickly grew in number. some in the african-american community turned their rage on barack obama. >> stop telling black folk they have to wait and these things take time. we can't wait number one. number two, when you say we can't compare what's happening now to what happened 50 years ago, tell that to the parents of these kids who are being gunned down in america's streets. it is open season. >> the president faced an impossible challenge. to be black enough to satisfy african-americans yet post racial enough to assure many waits. >> he never ran to be the first black president. he ran to be president of the united states. and he happens to be black. >> you may not be the president of black america, but you are the president of black americans. >> he needed to become a force
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for healing, and finding the right way to do that was something he wrestled with. >> brands new new york times poll finds that race relations are bad. the highest level since the rodney king riots in 1992. >> relations between blacks and whites were at their worst point in a generation. >> you want a black man to die, you send a police to kill him. >> if they don't do something, they're the bad guys. >> if they try to do something, they're a bad guy, what are they supposed to do. >> these sort of suppressed racial feelings, and the suppressed racial resentments, rather than being quelled by obama's rised were unleashed by obama's rise. >> but no single moment in the obama presidency was at once so ugly and unifying as the
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charleston church shooting. >> the killings being investigated as a hate crime now. >> you are raping our women, you are taking over our country. i have to do what i have to do. >> nine people murdered. the gunman said he wanted to start a race war. ♪ >> when president obama came to the emmanuel a.m.e. church, his hez tans to speak frankly on race was gone. >> for too long we've been blind to the way past injustices continue to shape the president. we now realize the way racial bias can affect us even when we don't realize it. oh, but god works in mysterious ways. god has different ideas. ♪ amazing grace how sweet the
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sound ♪ ♪ that saved a wretch like me >> when he sang amazeing grace, you know, there was a medicine in that song. for 400 years of funeral after funeral, there's a hallelujah any how. no matter what you do to me. he channeled that as the president. and that was a profoundly
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important moment. and to me that's the cap stone. that's the cap stone. that's this man not just rediscovering who he is, but rediscovering who this country is. >> may god continue to shed his grace on the united states of america. when we come back. >> the banking system remains in deep trouble. worst showing ever on an inaugural day. >> the first day, a day from hell. >> we could have a second great depression. >> nearly 1.2 million jobs have geared. >> it was a stunningly scary moment. >> welcome to the white house. >> maybe because i was too new to panic. >> main street, not wall street.
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obama bows his head in prayer. he needed all the help he could get. he had been briefed. he was facing the worst economic crisis in decades. >> fragile financial system. >> likely to get worse before it gets better. >> larry summers said, we're going to lose a million more jobs. and we could have a second great depression. >> secretary of the treasury. >> tim geithner said the system is locked up. >> we were on the edge of a cliff, and we were starting down
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that, down into the abyss. >> this is a stunningly scary moment. >> 440.50. >> there was plenty of panic to go around. >> the troubled economy offering a harsh greeting to the new president. worst showing ever on an inaugural day. >> it's tough to stay positive, when you've been getting clubbed to death. >> markets were collapsing. >> # 00 now. >> major banks were failing. >> i'm definitely going to pull my money out. >> more than 100,000 americans were losing their homes every week. >> we're serving an eviction on you. you have to take off in 15 minutes. >> the worst effect, soaring unemployment. >> nearly 1.2 million jobs have disappeared. >> and still climbing. >> we need jobs. >> people are scared. >> it was really getting worse, and we had already done as a
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country a massive amount of things. >> where do you start? you know, which one of these piles of things that you want to start with? >> we had this big debate about what to do. >> it's your first day on the job, and the world economy is collapsing. did you ever think to yourself, this is going to derail the country, my plans, my presidency. >> maybe because i was too new to panic, i was very confident that we could get to the right answer. >> obama decides to go big. a stimulus bill that would pump $800 billion into the economy. tax cuts, money to save the jobs of cops and teachers and the rebuilding of roads and bridges. >> at this particular moment, only government can provide the short term boost necessary to lift us from a recession this deep and severe. >> republicans hated it.
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>> they said it was too rushed and hopelessly complex. >> i don't know how you could read 1100 pages between midnight and now. not one member has read this. what happened to the promise that we're going to let the american people see what's in this bill for 48 hours. nope, we don't have time to do that. >> the decisions that he was making to save the economy were all politically toxic. he had no illusions about that. >> still, obama thought he could pry loose some republican votes. instead of the usual step of inviting them to the white house, he went to capitol hill. >> it was a very dramatic gesture on the part of the president. >> to talk to republicans on their terms. >> i could not find anyone at least in the house that said
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they would vote yes tomorrow. >> we had a wonderful exchange of ideas. >> not so much as it turned out. the republicans made up their minds before obama even arrived. >> on my trip up to the hill, they released an e-mail saying, we're going to be voting against it, before they heard our presentation. >> the stimulus passed without a single vote from a house republican. >> they were making political decisions and we were trying to save the country from a disaster. >> this was in fact a crucial moment in the obama presidency. it's only the second month in office. the financial crisis was about to get scarier, and yet it was clear, republicans would hold firm to the vow he made as he entered the white house. >> mitch mcconnell says what his strategy is. >> they told you the strategy, it's not like you have to interpret it. they're overt about it. >> their desire to stop him, was
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also going to have devastating consequences for the american people and why. >> was some of it race or was some of it politics or power. >> obama was not blameless. republicans say he would not accept any of their ideas. >> no engagement in anyway shape or form. >> they found him unappealing in many ways. >> the republicans had a favorite word to describe the president and his policies. >> really arrogant, if you will. >> air began the. >> i do think barack obama is arrogant. >> but now, obama had to go it alone, and he was facing a new crisis. >> more troubles for gm and its workers. >> america's iconic car company, general motors was in a death spiral. >> general motors right now, i think we're all afraid. >> they were talking about two weeks and bust. it was not two years, it was not, we have a problem here, we
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think we can keep it alive for two weeks. >> honk your horns. >> chrysler was collapsing as well. >> everybody's here for one common cause. we want to keep our jobs. >> there were layoffs, plant closings. >> it's time to get pissed off. >> yeah! >> we cannot and must not, and we will not let our auto industry simply vanish. >> keep america great. >> almost 2/3 of the american people opposed bailing out the car companies. mitt romney whose father ran a car company wrote an op ed, let them go bankrupt. >> our government will be making a significant additional investment of about $30 billion in gm. >> the massive loan effectively made the u.s. government the owner of general motors. >> we own a car company.
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>> it's very scary. >> lennon and stalin would love this stuff. >> that bailout does not mean as much as bank bailouts. >> millions in bonuses were being paid to the very same bankers who many thought had almost destroyed the world economy. >> it makes me feel disgusted. >> if you're a ceo of a company like that, you shouldn't be able to drive a limo. you should ride the subway like everyone else. >> what happened with these bonuses was a mugging on wall street. >> those bonuses were contractual obligations, but the administration understood that the optics were awful. >> i did not run for office. to be helping out a bunch of fat cat bankers on wall street. >> it looked like you were
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giving money to the arsonists, and they were going to profit while the country burned. >> then american anger over all of it, seemed to find a voice. >> the government is promoting bad behavior. >> on the floor of the chicago mercantile exchange, a cnbc reporter went on an epic rant about bailouts. >> this is america. how many of you people want to pay for your neighbor's mortgage that has an extra bathroom and can't pay their bills. raise their hand. president obama, are you listening? we're thinking of having a chicago tea party in july, all you capitalists that want to show up to lake michigan, i'm going to start organizing. >> mayor daley is marshalling the police right now. >> rabble rouser. >> it was the moment the tea party movement was born. abilized and credit began
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flowing to main street. the taxpayers got all their money back with interest from those bets. >> we saved the country, we lost the country doing it. >> and they lost big. >> even though obama's emergency rescue succeeded. the appearance that he was helping wall street rather than ordinary americans, that would prove very expensive. it cost him mountains of his political capital just when he needed it. he was headed into a gathering storm that would threaten the one thing he wanted most. >> can you hear us now? >> that story later in the program. but first, how the president who brought down bin laden let the next big terror threat rise up. and take over lands americans had died for. >> let me ask you if it's possible in your position to be
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completely honest and say the rise of the islamic state surprised you. >> the isis story next. for the strength and energy to get back to doing... ...what you love. ensure. always be you.
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>> december 14th, 2011, was a great day for barack obama. >> hello, ft. bragg. >> it was the day he proudly announced that the troops were home from iraq. >> welcome home. >> a campaign promise fulfilled. just in time for his re-election bid. but had the president taken his victory lap too early? three years later -- chaos had descended on iraq. cities that americans had bled for. mosul. >> isis now controls western iraq's most -- >> ramadi. fallujah. had been lost again to a deadly new terror group, isis. let me ask you if it's possible in your position to be completely honest and say the rise of the islamic state
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surprised you. it took you by surprise. it took the administration by surprise. >> the ability of isil to initiate major land offenses, that was not on my intelligence radar screen. >> everyone was stunned. that a few thousand militants swept through iraq and syria wi the world. >> chop off the heads of the americans. chop off the heads of the french. chop of the heads of whoever. >> they created a caliphate. ruled by strict sharia law, meeting out punishments in the most barbaric ways imaginable. their philosophy may have been medieval, but they were masters of the internet. >> come to jihad. >> brother in islam and syria. i originally come from canada. >> luring recruits from malaysia
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to belgium to new jersey. >> isis claiming responsibility for the -- >> large truck careens through crowds of tourists -- >> bullets fired into a cafe. >> killed at least 30 people in belgium. >> soon they'd mount some of the deadliest terror attacks since 9/11. casting a large shadow over obama's presidency. >> to solve a problem -- >> and an even larger one over the presidential election. >> the way they got out of iraq, the vacuum they've left, that's why isis formed in the first place. and now they're in 32 different nations, hillary. congratulations. great job. >> so could president obama have prevented the rise of the islamic state? his critics point to a pivotal decision. leaving iraq with just a handful
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of troops. his generals had wanted thousands more. >> i don't know whether 10,000 troops would have given us the leverage. i suspect it might not have. but i would have liked to have tested the proposition. >> but there was a problem. his predecessor, president bush, had signed an agreement with the iraqis promising that all troops would be gone by the end of 2011. >> the only way in which we're going to keep troops there was at the invitation of that government, and we couldn't get that done. >> we spent a considerable amount of time talking about syria. >> that government was run by this man, prime minister nuri al maliki. he didn't get a new agreement approved by his parliament. worried he would lose his political support, perhaps most crucial, maliki, a hard-line
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shiite, had mounted a crackdown against sunni muslims throughout the country. as a result, many of them had turned in desperation and defiance to isis which is hard-line sunni and deeply anti-shiite. meanwhile, another crucial decision faced the president. how to handle the growing crisis in neighboring syria. where jihadis were showing up to battle the regime of bashar al assad. >> we had reports coming from iraq that some of the fighters in al qaeda in iraq had moved to syria. >> robert ford, then the u.s. ambassador to syria, witnessed the turmoil firsthand. >> a few car bombings blamed on suicide. >> al qaeda in iraq.
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>> remains of the dead were scattered. >> the group that morphed into isis. >> the wounded were carried away in blankets. >> was suspected of master minding a car bombing of serious state security officers. >> one car goes in and blows up to take down the other defense and a second car goes in to detonate. >> the criminal attack carries the blueprints of al qaeda. >> this is a hallmark tactic of al qaeda in iraq. >> back in washington, ambassador ford met with david petraeus, who was then the head of the cia. the extremists in syria were getting stronger, he said. while the moderate rebels fighting assad were getting weaker. >> do nothing, extremists will continue to gain ground. that's what our syrian contacts were telling us. this isn't rocket science. >> petraeus urged the white house to arm the moderates. >> recommendations were made to assist some of the opposition elements and that decision was
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obviously not forthcoming to do that for quite a very long time. >> the president was skeptical. he saw the syrian civil war as a quagmire in which the moderates were too disorganized to prevail. >> i think this notion that somehow there was this ready-made moderate syrian force that was able to defeat assad is simply not true. >> jay tells me you've been missing me. >> in august 2012 at a routine press conference -- >> your latest thinking on where you think things are in syria. >> obama appeared suddenly willing to use force against assad. >> a red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons moving around or being utilized.
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that would change my calculus. >> that red line was crossed one year later. a horrific sarin gas attack in a damascus suburb left hundreds dead, including many children. the president ordered the military to get ready for a strike. an attack was imminent. >> the drums of war growing louder. >> the u.s. will punish syria. >> the obama administration says there must be a response. >> but the president who wanted to end america's wars in the middle east was having second thoughts about starting a new one. he proposed what some saw as a delaying tactic. seek permission to fight from congress. some of his staff worried it was a mistake. but obama stood his ground. convinced that the american public was as weary of war as he was. >> if one were to look at your statements on syria from the
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start, the red line, and then your decision at the very last minute not to use military force, wouldn't it be fair for critics to say this shows inconsistency, perhaps it shows your own ambivalence, and yet you have seen it as one of your best moments. >> ambivalence, absolutely, because it's hard. with respect to my red line, we in fact positioned our military to be able to strike assad if he did not give up his chemical weapons. the fact is, he got rid of his chemical weapons in an unprecedented way. >> the world will now expect the assad regime to live up to its public commitments. >> assad's allies in the kremlin helped broker a deal that forced him to give up his chemical weapons stockpile. within a year, syria's declared materials were removed without a shot being fired.
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but the syrian civil war continued. and extremists gained the upper hand. >> when you have these ungoverned spaces, that's exactly where they like to set up. they can plan, organize, recruit, do training. that's what they need. >> in 2013, isis took over raqqah. a major city in syria. then they marched into iraq capturing vast swaths of territory. they had effectively created their own nation. an islamic state. over the last two years, isis has been badly squeezed. but the group could still strike any time in the middle east, europe or america. and syria is still in chaos.
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>> this country and this region, in fact, does not play by las vegas rules. what happens in syria doesn't stay in syria. it spews violence and instability and extremism and ultimately a tsunami of refugees. into the countries of our european allies and partners. it was a time and there was a way to help moderates in the opposition prevail. absolutely we missed an opportunity. >> do you think it is an accomplishment of your presidency that you've substantially kept the united states out of the syrian civil war mitarily? >> i think it is the smartest decision from a menu of bad options that were available to us. have we been flawless in the execution of what's a complicated policy in the region? absolutely not.
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i think flawless is not available when it comes to foreign policy or the presidency at least with mere mortals like me at the helm. have we made the best decisions that were available to us at each stage? the answer is yes. up next -- the battle at home. >> 911, what's the location of your emergency? >> sandy hook school. >> with mass shootings. >> the only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun -- >> a president struggles -- >> -- is a good guy with a gun. >> -- with an american horror story. >> they had their entire lives ahead of them. >> that story when we return.
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heavy, labored breathing
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heavy, labored breathing heavy, labored breathing coughing breathing through oxygen mask breathing through oxygen mask breathing through oxygen mask breathing through oxygen mask covered california. it's more than just health care. it's life care.
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911, what's the location of your emergency? >> sandy hook school. i think there's somebody shooting in here. at sandy hook school. >> okay. >> oh, they're still shooting. >> five minutes. that's how long it took for a deranged man with an assault rifle to end the lives of 20 first graders and six adults inside sandy hook elementary school. >> it's a horrific scene. we've never seen anything like this. >> mr. president. >> the majority of those who
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died today were children. beautiful little kids between the ages of 5 and 10 years old. they had their entire lives ahead of them. birthdays, graduations, weddings, kids of their own. >> barack obama was haunted by the gun violence that pervades america. but gun control was the big bet he did not make. >> if you ask me where has been the one area where i feel that i have been most frustrated and most stymied, it is the fact that the united states of america is the one advanced nation on earth in which we do not have sufficient common sense
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gun safety laws. >> he failed to pass any firearms legislation. by the time it became a priority, he simply did not have the political capital. >> i think a president has to figure out what priorities he's going to have a chance of getting through, like gun control. he might have felt, if i go for that, then i may lose this. because you're building up capital or you're losing capital. >> let's be honest here. there haven't been the votes in the congress for gun control. make no mistake about it. >> kill the bill. kill the bill. >> the midterm election of 2010 had been a disaster for the democrats. >> some election nights are more fun than others. >> they lost the house and the senate and with them any chance of getting major legislation passed. still, when it came to guns, obama would finally find a way to act without congress and make the first move on gun control in decades.
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but now it could all easily be reversed. president-elect donald trump has vowed that there will be no gun restrictions. >> a gunman opens fire. >> a spray of bullets. >> rocked by the mass killings. >> there's been a mass shooting -- >> it was early in obama's presidency when an explosion of gun violence began to hit the headlines. among the worst shootings, tucson, arizona. >> six people are dead. 12 others wounded, including democratic congresswoman gabrielle giffords. >> there is nothing i can say that will fill the sudden hole torn in your hearts. >> aurora, colorado. >> 12 people killed. 38 injured after a gunman opens fire in a movie theater. >> i'd like us to pause in a moment of silence for the victims of this terrible tragedy. >> the president was praised for his eulogies but pilloried for inaction. >> why president obama, when you campaigned three years ago, you
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campaigned on a promise to try to enact legislation that would ban assault weapons again. what changed your mind? why did you not during the last three years do anything? >> evil visited this community today. >> it wasn't until newtown that obama finally acted. public anger and his own resolve drove him to put his full weight behind gun control legislation. >> this is not the first issue, the first incident of horrific gun violence of your four years. where have you been? >> well, here's where i've been, jake. i've been president of the united states dealing with the worst economic crisis since the great depression. an auto industry on the verge of collapse. two wars. i don't think i've been on vacation. and so i think all of us have to
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do some reflection on how we prioritize what we do here in washington. >> the president took the unusual step of bringing newtown parents in to actually work on the bill. the legislation broadened background checks to include gun shows and internet sales. consider this. at that time, an astonishing 92% of the country, including an overwhelming majority of gun owners, supported background checks on all potential gun buyers. >> we do think that would be an easy get because of the simplicity of it. because it wasn't anything new. >> but the nra fought hard. >> the only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun. >> and the nra won. in april 2013, the bill came up five votes short. >> the amendment is not agreed to.
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>> shame on you! >> all in all, this was a pretty shameful day for washington. >> it was a defeat that the president took personally. >> but instead of supporting this compromise, the gun lobby and its allies willfully lied about the bill. >> the failure to be able to do anything, even in the face of that, even in the face of the slaughter of these innocent young kids was deeply depressing to him. >> barack obama would have to address mass shootings again and again. >> i've had to make statements like this too many times. no other advanced nation endures this kind of violence. >> this is becoming the norm. >> finally, in january 2016, he announced he was bypassing congress and taking executive action. >> the gun lobby may be holding congress hostage right now, but they cannot hold america hostage. >> the order expanded background checks and narrowed the gun show
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loophole. >> first graders in newtown, first graders. and from every family who never imagined that their loved one would be taken from our lives by a bullet from a gun -- every time i think about those kids, it gets me mad. >> he now has decided he's just going to write laws on his own. he's going to give us edicts as if he's a king, and that is a petulant child refusing to listen to the will of the american people. ♪ we're not gonna take it >> now, even obama's executive orders are at risk. >> i will veto that. i will unsign that so fast. so fast. >> president-elect trump has said there will be no gun
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restrictions on his watch. it is likely that the bet president obama did not make will remain off the table for years. >> there's no one who has been to more memorial services and comforted more families than the president. and each time he looks at a family who look at him going, why couldn't we have done more? believe me. that's like a poker in his stomach. and so it eats away at him. all the progress that we've made these last eight years goes out the window if we don't win this election. >> in the final days of barack obama's presidency, he campaigned his heart out one last time. >> donald trump's closing argument is, what do you have to lose? the answer is everything. >> obama reached for the themes that had driven him since his days as a community organizer.
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equality and social justice. >> i'm not on the ballot this time, but fairness is on the ballot. tolerance is on the ballot. courtesy is on the ballot. equality is on the ballot. democracy is on the ballot. >> issues involving women, gays, minorities and immigrants were among those closest to his heart. but now they appear to be the obama achievements that are at greatest risk. donald trump has vowed to undue much of barack obama's social agenda. >> the change will begin my first day in office. >> they're bringing drugs. they're bringing crime. build that wall. build that wall. african-americans, hispanics, are living in hell. i'm pro-life. the judges will be pro-life. >> it's that last item he
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mentioned, judges, that may have the most powerful effect in undoing the obama legacy. donald trump has said he plans to put a hard-line conservative on the supreme court. that would create a majority that could reverse almost all of obama's programs. obama thought that the supreme court could look more like america. >> president obama names his first supreme court pick and history's first latina. >> he began with sonia sotomayor. >> it is this nation's faith in a more perfect union that allows a puerto rican girl from the bronx to stand here now. >> then a year later, he nominated another woman, elena kagan. >> thank you so much, mr. president. >> for the first time in history, there were three women on the supreme court. >> i may be a little grayer than i was eight years ago, but this
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is what a feminist looks like. >> it was obama's new high court that ushered in america's biggest social change in decades. june of 2015, the supreme court ruled gay marriage was legal. >> amazing. it's incredible. to be granted all these years, all these years. >> and now we all get -- >> all get marriage equality. >> today should also give us hope that on the many issues with which we grapple, often painful, real change is possible. shifts in hearts and minds is possible. >> obama knew this shift was possible because he had made it himself. >> i believe that marriage is the union between a man and a woman. >> the mpr


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